North American Academic Research

The monthly journal from TWASP 
Online ISSN: 1945-9098
Impact Factor : 1.75 (2020)

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October 2018


  Volume: 1 Issue: 5
Rajiv Mandal, Yang Xian Yi, Wang Mei Yan, Chandra Bhushan Sah
Volume 1, Issue 5; October-2018
2018: 1(5) : 100-120
Abstract: Work of art produced in the vast geographical region on China. It the oldest art in the world and has its origins in remote antiquity. Chinese art or Indian art is visual art that, whetherancient or modern, originated in or is practiced in China or India and by Chinese artists or Indian artists. The Chinese art in the Republic of China and that of overseas Chinese can also be considered part of Chinese art where it is based in or draws on Chinese heritage and Chinese culture. Early “stone age art” dated back to 10,000 BC, mostly consisting of simple pottery and sculptures. After this early period Chinese art, like Chinese history, is typically classified by the succession of ruling dynasties of Chinese emperors, most of which lasted several hundred years. Various civilizations often developed in separate, many people gradually came together and had made the innovations of their societies. The human figure assumed greater importance, and landscape painting acquired a new vitality. The surface of the paintings, especially the style and variety of brush strokes, became important. Still–life compositions came into greater prominence, especially bamboo painting.Porcelain, Textile, Sculpture, Architecture, Enamel etc. got an importance in the courts of dynasties after dynasties.In addition, thedevelopment in the field of religion, folk art and language in India and China during the medieval times have been important milestones in the evaluation of the composite culture of India. New religions movements like Islamism and Buddhism along with Bhakti movement contributed to this process. The composite culture characteristic of the medieval period is amply witnessed in these fields. A new style of architecture known as the Indo – Islamic style was born out of this fusion. However, it is amazing that some of the painters tried to paint the classical ragas, thereby giving form and colour to such abstract conceptions as music. Seasons or BaramasaPaintings were similarly given artistic forms. Can you ever estimate the creativity of these artists? Nowhere else in the world except perhaps in China, artists have tried to paint music or seasons.

Cite this article as: Rajiv Mandal, Yang Xian Yi, Wang Mei Yan, Chandra Bhushan Sah;  Review : Art & Cultural Aspects of Medieval China and India;  2018: 1(5) : 100-120

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  Volume: 1 Issue: 5
Iskita Afrin, NisatTasnim, Md.Abdur Rahim, Md. HabiburRahman
Volume 1, Issue 5; October-2018
2018: 1(5) : 154-162
Abstract: An experiment was carried out at the BAU Germplasmcentre of Fruit Tree Improvement Project (FTIP) and laboratories of the Department of Horticulture, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh during the period from March, 2012 to February, 2013. Morphological characteristics of selected guava varieties namelyBAU Guava-1 (Misti), BAU Guava-2 (Ranga), BAU Guava-3 (Chowdhury), BAU Guava-4 (Apple), BAU Guava-5 (Oval), BAU Guava-6 (Jelly), BAU Guava-7 (Seedless round), BAU Guava-8 (Seedless oval), Swarupkathi, Mukundapuri, Kanchannagar and Syeedi were done. Experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The highest number of flowers (1678.33) was observed in the variety Syeedi and the lowest number of flowers (543.79) was observed in Ranga during on season whereas Chowdhury gave the highest number of flowers (764.53) and Ranga gave the lowest number of flowers (82.37) during off-season. During on season, the highest number of fruits (725.19) was found in Seedless Oval and the lowest number of fruits (384.62) was found in Ranga and Chowdhury gave the highest number of fruits (364.25) and Mukundapuri gave the lowest number of fruits (14.21) during off-season. The highest yield (29.19 kg) was observed in the variety Oval and the lowest yield (4.38 kg) was observed in Mukundapuri during on season whereas Jelly gave the highest yield (15.76 kg) and Mukundapuri gave the lowest yield (1.74 kg) during off-season. Based on different qualitative characters like fruit size, fruit weight, thickness of mesocarp and endocarp, number of seeds per fruit, percent edible portion Oval, Misti, Ranga, Seedless oval, Kanchannagar and Syeedi showed better performance in on season and off-season but TSS content of different guava varieties was found comparatively higher during off-season than on season.

Cite this article as: Iskita Afrin, NisatTasnim, Md.Abdur Rahim, Md. HabiburRahman;  Characterization of Geographical Indication And Released Varieties of Guava (Psidium sp.);  2018: 1(5) : 154-162

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  Volume: 1 Issue: 5
Manita Kusi , Fuqian Zhao, Dinesh Sukamani
Volume 1, Issue 5; October-2018
2018: 1(5) : 137-153
Abstract: Construction industry has been widely criticized for its low quality of delivery of construction projects. Research has shown that contractor’s performance can be the single largest contributor to quality problems in construction. This study aims to identify the performance level of Nepalese firms in construction quality, explore the factors that hinder the quality performance of the construction industry and to identify the most significant influencing factors that hinder the quality performance of the construction firm in Nepalese construction industry. The questionnaire was designed based on the extensive review of literature on quality performance in construction firm, study of Nepalese construction firm, and together with input, revision and modification by the expert. The data, thus, obtained were analyze using different statistical tools. The study revealed that the performance level of construction firm in Nepal is poor in delivering construction quality. In evaluation and ascertaining the importance of each quality influencing factors results of the survey revealed that one of the most influencing factors for the poor performance of the construction firms is the understanding and commitment of the contractors in construction quality. Another important factor identified is overall quality culture and the working environment of the Nepalese construction firm.

Cite this article as: Manita Kusi , Fuqian Zhao, Dinesh Sukamani;  A Study of Performance Level of Nepalese Construction Firms In Construction Quality;  2018: 1(5) : 137-153

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  Volume: 1 Issue: 5
Mehrunnisa Khan
Volume 1, Issue 5; October-2018
2018: 1(5) : 121-136
Abstract: This paper is basically analyzed on the bases to study the basic concept of Monetary Policy and its working and effectiveness in the economy of Pakistan. This paper is analyzed with help of research papers from various economists and some obtained data from reliable source to show that how does Monetary policy basically effects the economy of Pakistan.This paper will be providing a detailed insight and importance of Monetary policy in the economy of Pakistan. Monetary policy is a way that tells us that how can be maintained economic growth. According to the act of 1958, the central bank made policies of Monetary policy. In the simplest form Monetary policy is such a process, in which central bank and monetary authority of that country control supply of money. Pakistan has achieved a thirteen-year high growth rate of 5.8 percent FY18 and the average CPI inflation was well below the 6.0 percent target.Every year State bank of Pakistan makes its monetary policy and rules and makes unchanged policy rates. Monetary Policy involves central banks use of instruments to influence interests rates or money supply in the economy with the objective to keep overall prices and financial markets stable. Mostly, Monetary policy is generally associated with the availability of credit. However, moving forward the challenges to Pakistan’s economy have further accentuated. Monetary expansion in FY18 has been driven by government borrowing for budgetary support and healthy growth in credit to the private sector. In practice State Bank of Pakistan’s Monetary police strives to strike a balance among multiple and often competing considerations. These include controlling inflation, ensuring payment system and financial stability, preserving foreign exchange reserves and supporting private investment. Low and stable inflation provides favorable conditions for sustainable growth and employment generation over time. It reduces uncertainties about future prices of goods and services and helps households and businesses to make economically important decisions such as consumption, savings,and investments with more confidence.

Cite this article as: Mehrunnisa Khan;  Monetary Policy And Pakistan’s Economy;  2018: 1(5) : 121-136

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  Volume: 1 Issue: 5
Rajiv Mandal, Yang Xian Yi, Wang Mei Yan, Chandra Bhushan Sah
Volume 1, Issue 5; October-2018
2018: 1(5) : 100-120
Abstract: Work of art produced in the vast geographical region on China. It the oldest art in the world and has its origins in remote antiquity. Chinese art or Indian art is visual art that, whetherancient or modern, originated in or is practiced in China or India and by Chinese artists or Indian artists. The Chinese art in the Republic of China and that of overseas Chinese can also be considered part of Chinese art where it is based in or draws on Chinese heritage and Chinese culture. Early “stone age art” dated back to 10,000 BC, mostly consisting of simple pottery and sculptures. After this early period Chinese art, like Chinese history, is typically classified by the succession of ruling dynasties of Chinese emperors, most of which lasted several hundred years. Various civilizations often developed in separate, many people gradually came together and had made the innovations of their societies. The human figure assumed greater importance, and landscape painting acquired a new vitality. The surface of the paintings, especially the style and variety of brush strokes, became important. Still–life compositions came into greater prominence, especially bamboo painting.Porcelain, Textile, Sculpture, Architecture, Enamel etc. got an importance in the courts of dynasties after dynasties.In addition, thedevelopment in the field of religion, folk art and language in India and China during the medieval times have been important milestones in the evaluation of the composite culture of India. New religions movements like Islamism and Buddhism along with Bhakti movement contributed to this process. The composite culture characteristic of the medieval period is amply witnessed in these fields. A new style of architecture known as the Indo – Islamic style was born out of this fusion. However, it is amazing that some of the painters tried to paint the classical ragas, thereby giving form and colour to such abstract conceptions as music. Seasons or BaramasaPaintings were similarly given artistic forms. Can you ever estimate the creativity of these artists? Nowhere else in the world except perhaps in China, artists have tried to paint music or seasons.

Cite this article as: Rajiv Mandal, Yang Xian Yi, Wang Mei Yan, Chandra Bhushan Sah;  Revised the Title : see below;  2018: 1(5) : 100-120

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  Volume: 1 Issue: 5
PhyuPhyu Tun, Chandra Bhushan Sah, Manisha Pradhan
Volume 1, Issue 5; October-2018
2018: 1(5) : 82-99
Abstract: This article puts light on the state and possibilities of environmental biotechnology and reviews it’s all types of areas collectively with their associated issues, challenges, and implications. Environmental contaminants & wastes could be transformed, either by recycling to generate in new forms or by sanitizing to ensure that the final product has lessharmful impact on the environment. Biotechnology replaces the chemical materials and processes along with other contaminants with the biological technologies by modifying microorganism’s genetic structure and applies to reduce environmental damage. This paper represents the potential areas and implementation of environmental biotechnology to detect, monitor and prevent environmental biodiversity of Myanmar. In the waste treatment, main thing concern for the application of biotechnology is economically and technically feasible along with the favorable degree of biodegradability/detoxication during biotechnological treatment of substances. The various exploration in the field of biochemistry, genetics, and physiology of exploitable microorganisms are extensively being implemented into commercially and used in different technologies for preserving and reversing the further deterioration of the environment.

Cite this article as: PhyuPhyu Tun, Chandra Bhushan Sah, Manisha Pradhan;  Environmental Biotechnology: A Review and Implementation Opportunities in Myanmar;  2018: 1(5) : 82-99

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  Volume: 1 Issue: 5
Anwerfadielsacheit Al-Behadili, Luxin Hai
Volume 1, Issue 5; October-2018
2018: 1(5) : 41-81
Abstract: This paper deals with the theoretical background of urbanization and regional development. Thus, the main objective of this research is to achieve a scientific basis for the method of decentral regional development in order to address the problems left by the phenomenon of rapid urbanization. This requires the following study and to analyze the basic implications of this method in local development. It also deals with the benefit gained from the presented international experiences in order to enhance the process of decentralization and to create an attempt to figure out the mechanisms of managing and running the public interests. In addition, it is important to shed light on the realization of the principles of local independence which can enhance its efficiency in the utilization of resources and ensure social equity in the distribution of development revenues and achieving comprehensive development in various regions and areas of the country.

Cite this article as: Anwerfadielsacheit Al-Behadili, Luxin Hai;  The Decentral Regional Local Development Approach;  2018: 1(5) : 41-81

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  Volume: 1 Issue: 5
Prakash Kumar Bipin, Liu Pingfeng, Ranju Mahato, Wiraj Udara Wickramaarachchi
Volume 1, Issue 5; October-2018
2018: 1(5) : 23-40
Abstract: Banks play a critical role in the economic developmentof any country.For developing countries it works as blood circular in the economy. Since the financial market of Nepal(as a developing country) is characterized by numerous glitches, the Nepal Rastra Bank issued the merger guidelines (“Merger-by-Laws-2011”) in order to bring stability in the financial sector and to regulate the banking sector. This study finds the impact of mergers on financial performance of banks in Nepal.The findings depict a positive impact towards mergers and provide bank stakeholders with insights upon which they can base their decisions concerning mergers.

Cite this article as: Prakash Kumar Bipin, Liu Pingfeng, Ranju Mahato, Wiraj Udara Wickramaarachchi;  The Impact of Merger on Financial Performance of Banks in Nepal;  2018: 1(5) : 23-40

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  Volume: 1 Issue: 5
Dinesh Sukamani, Manita Kusi, Ramesh Sukamani
Volume 1, Issue 5; October-2018
2018: 1(5) : 01-14
Abstract: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of Educational intervention about Occupational Health and Safety awareness among workers in Building construction industry. A quasi- experimental design is use in research methodology, where experimental group is Bagaicha housing and control group is Road show housing phase VII both in Budhanilkatha, Kathmandu, Nepal. F ratio values comes out to be 1.839 which is greater than significance level 0.05 Which suggests there is no significant difference between these two groups which makes these groups as comparable group. After paired T-test in Experimental group and control group, we found that significance value i.e. p value of all the above parameters which is taken in account, between pre-test and post-test was found to be less than significance value of 0.05. The knowledge level among our workers is still inadequate and Educational interaction helps to increase knowledge, thus we need to organize planned Educational interaction from time to time so as to increase the awareness level of Occupational Health and Safety.

Cite this article as: Dinesh Sukamani, Manita Kusi, Ramesh Sukamani;  Effect of Educational Intervention on Awareness About Occupational Safety and Health Among Workers in Building Construction Industry in Nepal;  2018: 1(5) : 01-14

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