North American Academic Research

The monthly journal from TWASP 
Online ISSN: 1945-9098
Impact Factor : 1.75 (2020)

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August 2020


  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Methun Molla
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 20-32, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3978760
Abstract: For philosophy, we research the present state of social literature and ask what is special about social entrepreneurship and what avenues prospects build for the future. Through an assessment of social entrepreneurship and contrast of social entrepreneurship with other types, we conclude that, although not a different category of entrepreneurship, the researchers profit very much as a consequence of any further social entrepreneurship investigation. In identifying areas for further research in which useful concepts and observations from already existing theories of modern, cultural and structural entrepreneurship have been explored, and in combining such perspectives in ways that tackle particular anomalies in the context of social enterprise, we explain both possibilities and theories.

Cite this article as: Methun Molla;  WHAT THEORY MAY SUITS TO ANALYSE THE SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP WITH A REFERENCE OF THE GRAMEEN BANK, BANGLADESH;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 20-32, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3978760

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Methun Molla
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 20-32, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3978760
Abstract: Entrepreneurship seems to have been the motor behind the rapid expansion of the social sector and also the productivity of enterprises. Furthermore, Mohammad Yunus, who founded Grameen Bank, was awarded the Noble peace prize in 2006 to promote social entrepreneurial spirit. It's a profitable business that has helped thousands of people-especially women-out of inequality. Grameen Bank is indeed the largest international microcredit organization. Social entrepreneurship has progressively found its position on the global stage as a human response to social and environmental issues, while at the same time seeking to achieve financial, social or environmental goals through entrepreneurship initiatives. The aim of this article is to examine and explore recent social entrepreneurial advancements in the present era as an essential historical event

Cite this article as: Methun Molla;  A Reviewal Journey of Social Entrepreneurship in The 4th Id: With A Reference of the Grameen Bank, Bangladesh;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 20-32, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3978760

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Wajid Ali , Amad Ud Din
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 203-226, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4011397
Abstract: Free, fair and transparent elections provide fundamental legitimacy to democratic process. An independent Election Management Body (EMB) is considered prerequisite for conducting free, fair and transparent elections. Most of the empirical research on the relationship between the independence of Election Management body and free, fair and transparent elections demonstrates a muted relationship (Birch, 2008; Birch, 2010; Rosas, 2010). The conventional models used by Birch (2008), Birch (2010) and Rosas (2010) are not sufficient to evaluate the independence of EMB and this research used van Aaken (2009) conceptual framework to assess and evaluate the independence of Election Commission of Pakistan by using a qualitative research method based on primary data through interviews and primary documents. The findings indicate that the institutional, functional, financial and personal autonomy are closely connected with each other. Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) enjoys sufficient autonomy institutionally but judicial activism, judicial outreach and lack of financial autonomy restricts it from exercise its overall autonomy independently.

Cite this article as: Wajid Ali , Amad Ud Din;  Election Management Autonomy: A Case of Election Commission of Pakistan;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 203-226, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4011397

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Rakotoarisoa Zamelina Arnold
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 227-239, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4011403
Abstract: : One of the keys for proficiency in a company is the implementation of a good and efficient strategy management. This study is especially focus on the use of SWOT analysis in a local company in Indonesia, the PT GRAND TEXTILE INDUSTRY. This method is used to do both analysis of internal and external environment which is shown by the result presented on the table 2. PT GRAND TEXTILE is one among the top company in Indonesia. However, some issues within its organization and also related to its supplier are noted. Hence, capture and entering in a new market as international market is challenging. But still it could increase the rate of its market share. In order to bring help, SWOT analysis is proposed in this study. Therefore, the result will be analyzed, see and explain the meaning of strategic management of the company, compare its position and discuss about the result to give some adjustments and appropriate recommendations. From this study, six strategies are deducted from SWOT matrix including the strategy that will be proposed to the company to improve its production rate, its process performance rate, and its cost of the raw material.

Cite this article as: Rakotoarisoa Zamelina Arnold;  SWOT analysis at PT Grand Textile Industry in Indonesia;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 227-239, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4011403

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Md. Kawser Ahmed
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 190-202, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4011380
Abstract: : English as medium of instruction (EMI) in the tertiary education of Bangladesh receives a series of controversies, arguments and counter presentations by the languages experts. With the rapid progress of privatization in education of Bangladesh, private universities are seen to use English as medium of instruction (EMI) and teachers and students are instructed to follow it strictly. Following English in teaching, instruction and regular conversation between teachers and students is appreciatory. It marks the merge of education with foreign universities and ensures an academic collaboration effectively. Truly saying, adopting English as medium of instruction (EMI) for the students of private universities, as majority of students come from Bengali medium, seems to be incapacitating and problematic. In this paper, a study will be explored among the students of first semester to obtain impressions how they go finding English as medium of instruction (EMI) for classroom lecture and other academic spheres. In addition, this paper will demonstrate whether teachers feel comfortable or what impressions they receive from students regarding English as medium of instruction EMI.

Cite this article as: Md. Kawser Ahmed;  English as Medium of Instruction in Tertiary Education: A Case Study in the Perspective of Bangladeshi Private Universities;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 190-202, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4011380

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Netra Jung Karki , Chen Tao
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 162-189, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4001197
Abstract: "Belt and Road Initiative" (BRI) proposed by China regarding the concept of "connectivity" and the significance of "sharing the future community" in the new era focuses on the international road freight transport. During the time of highway transportation, once there is a traffic accident, it will truly influence the productivity and effectiveness of merchandise flow. The bond between the vehicle parameters of the heavy semi-trailer and the road parameters of the mountain road is an essential parameter to study before the constructions of road. The purpose of this research is to develop the safe and accident-free roadways which ultimately will promote the uniform traffic rules and make the unified regulations on load. In order to deeply study the stability of semitrailer in the process of driving on a mountain highway, the software named TruckSim is used as analyzing tool that establishes the whole vehicle simulation driving system composed of semi-trailer model, road model and driver model.

Cite this article as: Netra Jung Karki , Chen Tao;  Safety Study of Road Freight Transportation along the One Belt One Road Countries Based on Vehicle Dynamics;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 162-189, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4001197

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Pawan Paudel, Kedar Rijal
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 133-147, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3998854
Abstract: : A Service Station is a facility, which sells fuel and lubricants for motor vehicles. The main objective of Petrol Filling Stations (PFS) is to provide fueling facilities for motor vehicles. Kathmandu District holds 102 active filling stations prone to extreme accidents and high explosion potentials. In this study, 27 out of 102 petrol pumps were investigated from the main city core area and other area. Fire risk assessment and economic loss from petrol pumps were carried out in those sampled petrol pumps by the application of the ALOHA (Areal Location of Hazardous Atmosphere) and MARPLOT software, questionnaire, and the related expert’s viewpoints. Petrol Pump distribution map was prepared by using GIS model and the impact of each parameter in the probability and severity of fire in those filling stations were determined. The fire risk area, that can be affected by fire and explosion was determined, the highest area was 2.82Km2 and the minimum was 0.63Km2 . Total economy of NPRs 53820.85 million was likely to be loss in potentially lethal zone if buildings were fully damaged. Total number of households affected by fire and explosions ranged from 410-1034 in different locations. Thus, these filling stations need to be well-prepared and planned in case of disaster like fire and earthquake. All the risky aspects must be determined beforehand to prevent catastrophic events in theses pumps. Prompt and urgent improvements, as well as training to the staffs are needed in case of emergency

Cite this article as: Pawan Paudel, Kedar Rijal;  Fire and Economic Risk Assessment of Petrol Pumps within Kathmandu District;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 133-147, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3998854

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Dr. Amrih Patriotomo
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 148-161, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3998859
Abstract: In recent years, Tongrentang Group has actively explored overseas markets.

Cite this article as: Dr. Amrih Patriotomo;  The recent status and business of Beijing Tongrentang in Indonesia and it impact on Indonesian customers;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 148-161, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3998859

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Mansoor Faqeerzai , Abdul Raqib Sahibzada , Nisar Ahmad Muslih
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 118-132, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3996332
Abstract: This paper analyzed the effect of the most common practices of human resource management including performance evaluation, compensation, and promotion. These human resource practices are used as independent variable, whereas perceived performance is employed as dependent variable. For accomplishment of research objective, the teaching faculty of six prominent private universities of Nangarhar is deployed. The response was taken from 123 respondents, and findings indicated a significant positive relationship between human resource practices: compensation, performance evaluation, and promotion practices and perceived performance of teachers in private universities of Nangarhar province, Afghanistan. Future implications were given to the human resource management practices, universities administration, and the rest of the educational sectors of Afghanistan.

Cite this article as: Mansoor Faqeerzai , Abdul Raqib Sahibzada , Nisar Ahmad Muslih;  Impact of Human Resource Practices on Perceived Performance: A Case of Afghanistan;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 118-132, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3996332

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Mansoor Faqeerzai , Abdul Raqib Sahibzada , Nisar Ahmad Muslih
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 118-132, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3996332
Abstract: This paper analyzed the effect of the most common practices of human resource management including performance evaluation, compensation, and promotion. These human resource practices are used as independent variable, whereas perceived performance is employed as dependent variable. For accomplishment of research objective, the teaching faculty of six prominent private universities of Nangarhar is deployed. The response was taken from 123 respondents, and findings indicated a significant positive relationship between human resource practices: compensation, performance evaluation, and promotion practices and perceived performance of teachers in private universities of Nangarhar province, Afghanistan. Future implications were given to the human resource management practices, universities administration, and the rest of the educational sectors of Afghanistan.

Cite this article as: Mansoor Faqeerzai , Abdul Raqib Sahibzada , Nisar Ahmad Muslih;  Impact of Human Resource Practices on Perceived Performance: A Case of Afghanistan;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 118-132, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3996332

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Dhaneshwar Shah , Sunanda Rani , Dong Jining ,Wang Meiyan
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(7) 105-117,August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3993807
Abstract: :This research paper primarily focuses on the analytical study of the diverse genres of Chinese contemporary ink art. Chinese contemporary ink art originated from the „85 New Wave Art Movement, flourished in the 1990s, and matured in the 21st century. Over the past 30 years, a large number of ink and wash artists have carried out various experiments and explorations from the expansion of the new ink language and the innovation of artistic creation themes. At the same time, a group of art critics has also done theoretical writing, curated exhibitions, and academic seminars. Contemporary ink and wash painting conformed to the trend of contemporary social development and expresses the contemporary thinking of people in contemporary society. Western contemporary art, industrialization, and globalization have had a profound impact on the development of Chinese ink painting, and ink painting has also influenced the world painting through internationalization. Appropriate to the introduction of western painting concepts and theories, the theories and concepts of Chinese ink painting have undergone fundamental changes, several techniques of western art are combined with traditional ink and wash techniques, Chinese ink painting adapted to the new aesthetic and visual forms of contemporary art. Nowadays Chinese contemporary art has a great cultural dilemma. Does it only signify Chinese culture or international global culture? This research paper focuses on the analysis, combing, and summarizing of the diversified phenomenon of Chinese contemporary ink and wash painting during the contemporary stage.

Cite this article as: Dhaneshwar Shah , Sunanda Rani , Dong Jining ,Wang Meiyan;  Ink – Traditional Medium, Techniques and Latest Experiments in Chinese Contemporary Art;  North American Academic Research, 3(7) 105-117,August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3993807

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Bandana Tiwari , Rajbabu Pahadi , Sangeeta Gautam , Sandhya Karki , Roshan K.C. , Catherine Mhae B. Jandug, Shankar Tripathi , Siddhartha Regmi
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 60-78, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3986862
Abstract: Homestay has emerged within sustainable development principles of working to benefit local people and to protect fragile natural environments and traditional cultures. Although Kaulepani homestay tourism has received the best homestay award on the occasion of 35th World Tourism Day by the Government of Nepal in 2014, the depth study on tourist's satisfaction has not been carried out yet. Key informant surveys, visitors' surveys, and household questionnaire surveys were carried out to assess detailed information on homestay at Kaulepani village and visitor’s satisfaction. As a result, opportunity to enhance the household economy and the utilization of free time were found to be the most important motivating factors to run the homestay program in the area. The homestay has contributed to raise income, promote greenery in the village, raise awareness among the people on sanitation and biodiversity conservation. There is a significant difference with respect to both homestay household and non-homestay household perspective. Along with this, visitors were found to be extremely satisfied with the services and hospitality provided by the villagers. Scenic beauty and cleanliness of the area are the key factors to attract tourist in this area whereas, tourist dislikes transportation facilities and means of communication in the area. Likewise, it has also helped to foster women empowerment in the village making them self- independent by earning money

Cite this article as: Bandana Tiwari , Rajbabu Pahadi , Sangeeta Gautam , Sandhya Karki , Roshan K.C. , Catherine Mhae B. Jandug, Shankar Tripathi , Siddhartha Regmi;  An Assessment of Home Stay Tourism at Kaulepani Village of Lamjung Nepal;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 60-78, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3986862

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Sonia Akter
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 79-104, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3986907
Abstract: The COVID-19 has caused tremendous negative consequences in the economy through threatening millions of livelihoods and damaging the earning sources of around 50 million people in the informal sector in Bangladesh. The aim of the study is to provide a comprehensive and demonstrative review on the observed data and the potential impact of massive unemployment that will arise in future after lock-down. The study based on secondary sources of information, since it is very tough to find any quantitative study on the extent of the widening toll on unemployment in the consequences of Corona virus in Bangladesh. Tension is growing fast in the economy due to the rapid-spread stage of outbreak of Covid-19 in Bangladesh. The study finds that massive job losses will happen in both formal and informal sectors, as all of the sectors in Bangladesh e.g. RMG, Remittance, export and import, transportation, tourism, banking and insurance, education are in vulnerable position because of the devastating effect of Corona virus.

Cite this article as: Sonia Akter;  Covid-19 and Bangladesh: Threat of Unemployment in the Economy;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 79-104, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3986907

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Maria Sadiq , Hanan Afzal
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 33-59,August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3986221
Abstract: Risk is intrinsic to all aspects of life and has repercussions, but it is susceptible when it occurs, specifically in supply chains. The purpose of this paper is to review past literature on the management of supply chain risk reported in General Management, Supply Chain Management, and Risk Management research. We construct a description of what we find to be the crucial supply chain challenges of the automotive sector, based on previous analysis, and use it to format the analysis. Furthermore, seventeen risks were identified. Results suggest that Product production delays, manufacturer consistency issues, vendor contact faults, and forecasting mistakes are the most exposed threats in the automobile's supply chains in Pakistan.

Cite this article as: Maria Sadiq , Hanan Afzal;  Supply Chain Risk Assessment in Automotive Industry of Pakistan: A Review;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 33-59,August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3986221

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 8
Nan San Htwe(Liu Zhimei)
Vol 3, Issue 8 ; August 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(8) 01-06, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3978744
Abstract: This paper mainly presents about the skill of plot creation of the novella called “A Recommendation Letter”. The novella called “A Recommendation Letter” is from the collections of novella and it was written to increase life knowledge for social life problem among struggling social situation and to be perceptive merits of the parents. It is learnt from the point of plot creation by doing research.

Cite this article as: Nan San Htwe(Liu Zhimei);  A Study on the Plot Creation of the Novella “A Recommendation Letter”;  North American Academic Research, 3(8) 01-06, August 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3978744

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