North American Academic Research

The monthly journal from TWASP 
Online ISSN: 1945-9098
Impact Factor : 1.75 (2020)

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November 2020


  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Israt Khandaker Mim , Md. Iusuf Khan , Md. Rafiul Islam
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 447-464, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4435205
Abstract: t Single jersey unfinished cotton weft knitted (loop formation) fabrics tend to undergo a certain dimensional changes due to changeable yarn count (Ne) and variable stitch length on physical properties such as Shrinkage, Spirality, Bursting Strength, Pilling, GSM, (Gram per square meter). This study is founded on unfinished knit cloth where yarn counts recycled remained 24Ne, 28Ne, 30Ne for S/J. Single jersey unfinished cotton fabrics were produced with different count and with stitch length where it is found that for constant count, increase of the Stitch Length the GSM is decreased & for constant stitch length, increase of the count GSM is decreased. Used for constant stitch length, increase of the count the Bursting strength is decreased. Designed for constant count, by increase of stitch length the length wise shrinkage% is decreased & the fabric length is increased. Used for constant stitch length, by increase of the count the length wise shrinkage % is decreased & the fabric length is increased. Aimed at constant count, by increase of the stitch length the width wise shrinkage% is improved & the cloth thickness is reduced. Intended for constant stitch length, by increase of the count the width wise shrinkage% is improved & the cloth width is reduced. Used aimed at constant count, by increase of the stitch length the spirality% is increased. Aimed at constant stitch length, by increase of the count the spirality % is increased

Cite this article as: Israt Khandaker Mim , Md. Iusuf Khan , Md. Rafiul Islam;  Effects of variable parameters on physical properties of unfinished Single Jersey Knit Fabric;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 447-464, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4435205

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Kuoh Patrice Gama, Chia Emmanuel Tengum, Wu Hao
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 465-480, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4437739
Abstract: For decades, the Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controllers have been successfully used in academia and industry for several types of plants. This is due to its versatility and sufficient efficiency in linear or linear plants and in such circumstances in nonlinear plants. A variety of PID controller gains tuning methods have been suggested in the Quadrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) literature over the last decades, several of them off-line. However,in those situations the plant is exposed to persistent parametric shifts or external disturbances, online gain tuning is a suitable alternative. This is the case for the UAV quadrotor, where the parameters linked to weight are being applied to the mass adjustment according to the system to which it is attached. In practice, some time is spent on tuning the PID gains in the UAV attitude. Once the best range of gains has been made, the UAV is able to start off smoothly. However, as the UAV changes are subject to winds, their output deteriorates as the fixed set of gains is no longer true under the current conditions. In order to solve this problem, an online PID gains tuning algorithm should be introduced. This paper proposes an auto-tune PID controller based on Deep Neural Networks (DNN). The DNN plays the function of automatically calculating the required range of PID gains to achieve device stability. The DNN changes the online benefits of the controller to obtain a smaller location monitoring malfunction. Simulation results are provided taking into account the underimplemented 6 DOF (degrees of freedom) Quadrotor UAV. Real-time tests on Quadrotor testbench are conducted to demonstrate the feasibility of the proposed scheme.

Cite this article as: Kuoh Patrice Gama, Chia Emmanuel Tengum, Wu Hao;  Deep Neural Network Based Self-Tuning PID Control for Quadrotor Attitude;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 465-480, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4437739

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Saurav Shrestha , Rabindra Adhikari , Raju Raj Regmi , Raja Ram Aryal
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 423-446, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4305070
Abstract: In the present context of rapid change which is occurring either due to the natural or artificial phenomenon, tracking environmental changes with the aid of remote sensing applications has been an important tool for multidisciplinary sectors. One of these applications is the construction of land use and land cover maps through the image classification process. The Google Earth Engine is becoming a crucial tool in remote sensing data analysis as it provides cloud-based platform with huge amount of multiple source satellite data and excellent computation services. The present study aims to know the extent of land cover in Tokha Municipality of Kathmandu of the year 2001, 2009 & 2019 along with the dynamics between the year and the rate of change. In this study, Landsat image of Tokha Municipality of the year 2001, 2009 &2019 were used for LULC supervised classification in Google Earth Engine platform. Five LULC classes were decided and classified using random forest classification, and the output map was obtained with an overall accuracy of 94.8%, 88.40% & 86.95% for the year 2000, 2009 & 2109 respectively. It was found that most of the landcover was dominated by agricultural land and very few were covered by waterbody. From the analysis section, it was clear that major LULC change between 2000 and 2009 was seen in otherland with the total decrease of 354.84 ha. whereas settlement area of 61.5 ha. significantly increased between 2009 and 2019. For the whole study period annual rate of change was found to be in increasing for the categories settlement (1.558%) and forest (1.072%) and decreasing for Agriculture (0.846, waterbody (0.001%) and otherland (1.786%).

Cite this article as: Saurav Shrestha , Rabindra Adhikari , Raju Raj Regmi , Raja Ram Aryal;  Mapping Major Land Use And Land Cover Dynamics In Growing Urban Areas Based On Landsat Imagery Using Google Earth Engine;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 423-446, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4305070

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Haque Md Imdadul, Rana Ruhul Amin
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 413-422, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4304997
Abstract: UAV based 3D mapping and point clouding became one of the most interesting topic in recent years. UAV based mapping solution is way cheaper than the conventional techniques and time saving method. This paper carried out the workflow for developing a 3D model based on geo-referenced images, particularly from aerial photos obtained by a UAS; the case study also showed the latest developments of UAV image processing.

Cite this article as: Haque Md Imdadul, Rana Ruhul Amin;  Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Based Point Cloud for 3D Mapping and Modelling;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 413-422, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4304997

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Mohammed Shahidul Islam Joy, Zhang Yong Hong
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 374-386, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4301040
Abstract: This paper centers around Bangladesh's continuous change towards the enormous scale appropriation of e-commerce. The elements that would doubtlessly impact e-commerce particularly inside the setting of its current foundation, Internet mindfulness and social and Islamic customs are explained. The work draws on the reaction of clients gathered through an online review that gone on for a long time. The review was structured utilizing the 'Hypothesis of Planned Behavior' to create measurements for conduct and demeanor towards e-commerce in the Bangladesh. In view of the components revealed and broke down, a concise arrangement of suggestions can be put forward. Obviously one of the fundamental center zones is advance wide-scale utilization of Internet among the masses, both by diminishing availability cost, upgrading foundation and moving towards broadband access. Web based business mindfulness crusades ought to be propelled focusing on the two shoppers also, organizations. Regarding advancing e-business unwavering quality and security, a focal Certification authority ought to be set up with a Public-Key Infrastructure (PKI) encryption framework. This would guarantee classification and give access control, respectability, verification, and non-renouncement administrations for organizations moving into e-commerce. An administrative structure would likewise must be drawn for tending to the issue of online protection and security

Cite this article as: Mohammed Shahidul Islam Joy, Zhang Yong Hong;  E-commerce in Bangladesh: The Future Challenges;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 374-386, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4301040

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Victor Bondzie-Micah , Sun Qigui, Vincent Ekow Arkorful , Benjamin Kweku Lugu , Geoffrey Bentum-Micah , Justin Yao Bossou
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 387-412, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4301058
Abstract: Technology integration into the public healthcare sector is considered one of the pipeline projects to enhance healthcare proficiency and productivity. As such, there has been huge investment in the health domain geared towards successfully integrating health technology among health professionals all in the quest to achieve better health delivery services and universal health coverage. User acceptance of such technology as electronic health records has become necessary for the productive deployment of the health sector innovations. The study adopted the Unified theory of acceptance and use of technology and additional constructs of attitude and design aesthetics to investigate nurses’ intention to use electronic health records, as they form part of the direct users of the technology. A field investigation was carried out with 381 nurses from diverse medical institutions in Ghana. The study used a quantitative approach anchored on the structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis to verify that, performance expectancy, effort expectancy, social influence, attitude, and design aesthetics, all have a substantial positive impact on nurse's electronic health records adoption intention. The study implications are discussed based on empirical findings.

Cite this article as: Victor Bondzie-Micah , Sun Qigui, Vincent Ekow Arkorful , Benjamin Kweku Lugu , Geoffrey Bentum-Micah , Justin Yao Bossou;  Investigating nurses’ intention to use electronic health records: The Unified theory of acceptance and use of technology approach;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 387-412, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4301058

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Mr. Mostafa Hamdy El Said Ahmed
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 351-373, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4299234
Abstract: : This study was aimed to provide a foundation for the role of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in Early Childhood Development (ECD) through identifying and examining the role of Educate Me Foundation in Giza Governorate as NGO working the field of ECD in Egypt. Additionally, the study aimed to investigate the relationship between NGOs and the Ministry of Education of Egypt (MoE), and explore the challenges that face the NGOs during their implementing their work in the area of ECD. The researcher adopted the exploratory research design. Where the researcher presented the literature review related to the same filed to identify the role of the NGOs in the ECD in different regions, also the researcher used the government reports. The paper is divided into four main parts. The first part presents the introduction of the role of NGOs in ECD, and the importance of the paper, while the second part examines the literature on the role of NGOs in ECD, the challenges and the relationship with governmental bodies from a global perspective. The third part contains an analysis with a reflection on the Educate Me foundation. Finally, the fourth part contains the findings and conclusion alongside policy recommendations for the solution of the problem. The findings of the research show that Educate Me foundation had a significant role in the ECD in the Giza Governorate, they achieved their progress with the limited financial resources and unstable relationship with MoE due to the regulations and bureaucracy. The research recommended that NGOs should develop open income-generating projects and self-financing instead of an external one. Besides seeking to change the culture of the MoE and its vision towards the existence of these organizations through seminars and conferences organized by NGOs in cooperation with government sector institutions.

Cite this article as: Mr. Mostafa Hamdy El Said Ahmed;  The Role of Educate Me Foundation in the Early Childhood Development in Egypt;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 351-373, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4299234

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
AURELIA NAA AYIKAIKOR AYI-BONTE , WANG JINJIN , BENJAMIN KWEKU LUGU , SHERIFATH CHINAZA TAHIROU , VICTOR BONDZIE-MICAH
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 303-324, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4294312
Abstract: Social media use in local government has gained prominence in the last few years worldwide, but little research has been done concerning users’ needs and experiences. In addressing this gap, this paper aims at understanding social media use experiences in local government from the individual users in the metropolitan assembly’s viewpoint. As local government agencies implement social media tools at all levels, we tend to explore the motivations that entice individuals to use these services and how information sharing can moderate the intention to use and actual use. We built a social media utilization model based on the literature review and extended the Delone and Mcleans framework by adding other constructs existing in other studies as the theoretical framework. Using a quantitative approach to the study, structured online questions were distributed. The results of a survey of 360 respondents of Accra Metropolitan Assembly social media users in Ghana indicate that information quality, service quality, system quality, and Trust remain the crucial determinants of intention to use and actual usage. Our study spotlights the importance of understanding the dynamics by which users utilize social media platforms.

Cite this article as: AURELIA NAA AYIKAIKOR AYI-BONTE , WANG JINJIN , BENJAMIN KWEKU LUGU , SHERIFATH CHINAZA TAHIROU , VICTOR BONDZIE-MICAH;  Utilization of Social Media Platforms for Local Government Engagements: An Empirical Study of the Accra Metropolitan Assembly;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 303-324, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4294312

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Athukoralage, Wathsala Veenadari Athukorala
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 325-350, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4295598
Abstract: The exponential growth of social media has fundamentally reshaped the world education system. Many researchers note that social media would facilitate the transition of students from high school to college by providing them with information and social support and a way to recognize and communicate with other students. Social networking is a consumer-generated tool that helps users to exchange information using the Internet with friends and colleagues. Sharing ensures that it is easy to comment on, easy to send, there are no costs associated with accessing the media, and last but not least, it is always available. In social media practices, users primarily belong to a new generation of customers who in the sense of social media, can be referred to as digital natives. Therefore, this study aimed to identify Social media behavior among College Students in a Transnational Environment. The survey method was used to collect data to satisfy this goal. The sample was selected from individuals at Wuhan University who were studying in China. The questionnaires were distributed to 250 students from international and 250 students of Chinese origin. In the total sample of 425 students, 216 were the foreign student sample and 209 students from each group were the Chinese student sample, with a good recovery rate of 86.4% and 83.6%. Several prior studies analyzing different factors influencing the use of social media support the results of the current report. Social media is most concerned with privacy and convenience, while international and domestic students, on the other hand, largely disregard copyright and legal issues. Years of migration, local language knowledge, level of study, years of migration, and the use of experience affect the level of concern. Among the variables, the level of all applicable factors of concern is clearly influenced by the use of experience. The college students' social media behavior and social media use of transnational communities and Chinese students and their identities are determined by their own individualities and the social-economic factors of their own and host cultures, based on these differences and similarities.

Cite this article as: Athukoralage, Wathsala Veenadari Athukorala;  Social Media Behavior among the College Students in a Transnational Environment: A Comparative Case Study;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 325-350, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4295598

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Twalibu Habibu Baruani
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 269-275, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4291183
Abstract: Teachers’ transfer is something common, but it should comply with all public service regulations for the aim of maintaining the teachers’ performance as well as students’ learning achievement. This study aimed to explore teachers’ perspectives on transfer of teachers from secondary to primary schools in Tanzania. The study employed a qualitative approach whereby semi-structured interview was applied as an instrument of data collection from ten transferred teachers. The results showed that the transfer led to disruption to some teachers like leaving homes and families. Also, some teachers were demoralized whereby their teaching morale and commitments declined. The study concludes that teachers’ satisfaction is one but an important factor for the development of teaching professionals.

Cite this article as: Twalibu Habibu Baruani;  Teachers’ Perspectives on Transfer of Teachers from Secondary to Primary schools in Tanzania: The Case of Selected Transferred Teachers in Kigoma Municipality;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 269-275, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4291183

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Ali Rizwan , Huang Li-Na , Wenhui Liu , Xiaomei Zhai , Linbo Liu
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 190-196, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4281611
Abstract: Rhinoplasty is an expanding topic in the field of plastic and cosmetic surgery. Interest is ongoing and developments have been rapid. Although several studies concentrated on Asian and non-Asian (American, Hispanic, Middle East etc) nose separately, but to our knowledge there is no study comparing the rhinoplasty surgical techniques used in Asian and non-Asian populations especially Americans (including Hispanic). It is a well-recognized fact that there is a distinctive quality to Asian rhinoplasty when compared with rhinoplasty for patients from other regions. For Asian patients, especially from East and Southeast Asia, the relatively smaller sized noses have made simple augmentation of the nose using alloplastic implant stand in for the term “Rhinoplasty.” However Asian patients like higher noses and small nose tip. The purpose of this study was to analyze and categorize rhinoplasty in Asians and non-Asians, and then determine common surgical techniques that have general application to this particular population of patients.

Cite this article as: Ali Rizwan , Huang Li-Na , Wenhui Liu , Xiaomei Zhai , Linbo Liu;  Rhinoplasty in Asian Versus non-Asians Population: A Review;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 190-196, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4281611

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Mate Maliselo
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 276-288, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4291198
Abstract: : It is imperative for a country to make relevant and business friendly legislation that would enable SMEs growth in the country. They contribute greatly in jobs creation and GDP. SMEs in Zambia employ 50 percent of the working class, similar to countries like Indonesia, Tanzania and Kenya. Over 90 percent of SMEs operate in the informal sector and this makes it difficult for the government to support the sub sector efficiently. So, SMEs contribution to the country’s development is not very clear. Because, majority of SMEs operate in the informal sector, attracting-funding from micro finance institutions (MFIs) is a challenge and this makes (SME) sector weak. Entrepreneurs Financial Centre (EFC) was used as a case study. This is a specialized micro finance institution that provides SMEs lending. The period considered in this research was from 2016-2018. Whereas, SME loans constitute about 60 percent of EFC’s loan portfolio, the loans given out are small value ranging from USD133 with a maximum of USD 46,667. The process of acquiring these loans is cumbersome and those without security may stand no chance. This does not give borrowing appetite and thus, such a trend would keep the sector underdeveloped. Findings revealed that with an organized sector platform, SMEs contribute immensely in the development of the country. Primary and secondary data were collected through using questionnaires, interviews and observation.

Cite this article as: Mate Maliselo;  Present Status of the Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in Zambia;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 276-288, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4291198

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Swapnil Ravindra Bagdure, Xue Jian Wu, Peng Xiao, Xu Zhu, Chong Meng, Weijian Qiu, Zhuyao Li, Yvhang Zhang
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 289-302, Nov 2020, https//doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4291209
Abstract: This study compares clinical and functional outcomes in patients with avascular necrosis of femoral head

Cite this article as: Swapnil Ravindra Bagdure, Xue Jian Wu, Peng Xiao, Xu Zhu, Chong Meng, Weijian Qiu, Zhuyao Li, Yvhang Zhang;  Outcomes of Core Decompression with injectable CaSO4/CaPO4 versus quadratus femoris muscle pedicle bone grafting for treating avascular necrosis of femoral head A comparative study;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 289-302, Nov 2020, https//doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4291209

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Benjamin Manirakiza, Lanre Anthony Gbadegesin , Antoine Nsabimana , Romuald Bagaragaza
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 219-263, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4284096
Abstract: Sustainable access to clean water and basic sanitation is a crucial part of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Most sub-Saharan Africa countries are affected by wastewater pollution dilemma and poor effluent treatment systems. In Rwanda, the high population growth rate, urbanization, and industrialization has exacerbated wastewater generation beyond the bearing capacity of the available treatment systems. The wastewater discharge from diverse sectors during the last three decades become an important pollution source and is deteriorating the freshwater system (lakes, rivers, springs, groundwater, etc.), soil, fauna, and flora. Moreover, there is no centralized sewage system in Rwanda, only the existing decentralized wastewater treatment plants are inadequate to ensure basic sanitation. All these have placed the country on potential sewage catastrophe. Based on our knowledge, we know of no comparable study combining the wastewater pollution and the treatment systems failures in SubSaharan Africa. Consequently, this review highlights the wastewater pollution scenario and weaknesses of the treatment systems in Rwanda. Moreover, it proposes possible recommendations such as the improvement in operation and maintenance of treatment facilities, development of innovative and best affordable technology for Rwandan terrain, promoting public participation by improving joint efforts from different stakeholders to find their own way to protect water, and revolutionize wastewater quality standards by updating our own standard system for monitoring wastewater quality without compromising key health issues in Rwanda. Conclusively, this review will serve as all-inclusive model document on wastewater pollution and treatment systems statuses in developing countries, especially in Rwanda

Cite this article as: Benjamin Manirakiza, Lanre Anthony Gbadegesin , Antoine Nsabimana , Romuald Bagaragaza;  Review on trends of wastewater pollution and treatment system challenges: A case study of Rwanda, East Africa;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 219-263, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/ 10.5281/zenodo.4284096

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Mohammed S. A. Al-Awar , Talal Ali Hussein Al-Qalah , Abduljalil D. S. Ghaleb , Marwan M. A. Rashed
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 170-189, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4279955
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activities of eight different types of Yemeni honey using an acute inflammation rat model.

Cite this article as: Mohammed S. A. Al-Awar , Talal Ali Hussein Al-Qalah , Abduljalil D. S. Ghaleb , Marwan M. A. Rashed;  Anti-inflammatory Activities of Different Types of Yemeni honey on Rats;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 170-189, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4279955

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Nan San Htwe
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 264-268, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4284113
Abstract: The aim of this research is to highlight the fact that the reflection of economic and social conditions of an era can be found in the work of a Chinese writer who was in a foreign country. Based on the nature of the novellas, novellas by the writer Xu were used as the materials of the study. The nature of the novellas and their reflections on the era were presented in the study. Important subject matters of the novellas and their reflections on the different eras were highlighted in this research.

Cite this article as: Nan San Htwe;  A Study on the Novellas reflecting the Era(Novellas by Myanmar Chinese Writer Xu);  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 264-268, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4284113

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Shu Ke Dong , Rasheed A. Al-Mohamadi , Ahmed Awadh Maqram , Mohammed A. Abdulrab
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 78-94, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4285272
Abstract: The concept of E-commerce has emerged in the last decades of the 20th century as a consequence of the rapidly expanding communication sector. The flourishing and significant growth of E-commerce has led to increasing demand for alternative payment methods of cryptocurrency. In 2009, Bitcoin was introduced as a decentralized digital currency and is now considered as the first virtual currency and the most popular across the global network. This study investigates the feasibility of using Bitcoin for E-commerce payments and implements time series forecasting models to determine its short-term growth. Results show a slow yet steady increment of Bitcoin usage for E-commerce payments, although traditional payment methods will retain its major segment of the market for the next few years.

Cite this article as: Shu Ke Dong , Rasheed A. Al-Mohamadi , Ahmed Awadh Maqram , Mohammed A. Abdulrab;  Using Bitcoin as a Payment Method in E-Commerce;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 78-94, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4285272

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Kashif Ali, Sheeraz Ali, Mukhtiar Hussain Ibupoto, Abdul Jaleel Mirjat
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 197-218, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4281616
Abstract: :The worst issue which Pakistan is facing today is ‘Street Begging’. The Nation is suffering from the crucial situations of Poverty which has forced hundreds of people to commit suicide, forced women to sell-out their Children and forced young’s to leave their Homes and start begging. According to latest survey 74% of our people living under poverty line earning less than 4000/Rs per month which is very difficult for a person to live in so little amount, even one cannot imagine to survive. But a Street Beggar is earning more than a Person doing hard slog.Street begging disturbs Public life because usually this beggar on the Roads, Streets & Bazaar’s chasing people for petite amount. To gain more attention and sympathizes they generally irritate public with their disgraceful mannerism. They emotionally black mail the genders by telling their gloomy stories & by showing their disabilities. Begging is supposed to be an easy source of earning Money. This is the reason that most of the physically fit young persons are usually seen begging on the Streets. This profession now has become an Industry (Mafia) where young men, Women & Children are mostly trained, recruit and relocated. These Beggars and specifically Children come from the Cities of Kohat, Rahim Yaar Khan, Multan, & Rawalpindi.According to a survey Beggar Children earn 200 or 250 rupees per day and handover entire money to the Mafia (Which works for this profession) and that Mafia keep a big chunk of earning and leave minimum amount with to these Children to take home. This Mafia is taking more benefits of the Street Begging.

Cite this article as: Kashif Ali, Sheeraz Ali, Mukhtiar Hussain Ibupoto, Abdul Jaleel Mirjat;  An ethnographic Study on Baggers at Hyderabad city of Sindh-Pakistan;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 197-218, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4281616

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Swapnil Ravindra Bagdure, Xuejian Wu, Xinjiao Wang
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 146-154, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4276531
Abstract: Traumatic bilateral multiple ribs fractures during pregnancy is a rare event. In this case author reports 41 years old multigravida women in 2nd trimester of pregnancy, presenting to hospital after a road traffic accident in a vulnerable condition. Physician must make sure the probable implications of the patient and the fetus. Accurate diagnosis is made using highly sensitive and specific computed tomography. Severely displaced ribs are fixed by open reduction internal fixation and remaining non-displaced ribs can be healed by conservative treatment. Proper analgesics are prescribed to manage pain pre and postoperatively. Physicians should cope with patient and family in making an effort to protect the child and continuing the pregnancy followed by regular fetal monitoring tests.

Cite this article as: Swapnil Ravindra Bagdure, Xuejian Wu, Xinjiao Wang;  Traumatic bilateral multiple ribs fractures in pregnancy;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 146-154, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4276531

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Haque Md Imdadul , Kader Mohammad Abdul
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 155-169, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4276533
Abstract: : In this paper, carrying out the friction stir welding experiment of 6005A aluminum alloy, to explore the influence of welding speed on welding quality. By Studying and observing the macrostructure, it was found that the higher welding speed extracted with lower burs and flash effect. Observing, microscopic view, the grain (molecular structures) formed a closer bond which was representing stronger and mature bonding. The melting stage generates higher spontaneous movement and more frequent inter-bonding. Which was representing the speed unit (500 mm/min) was more efficient and relevant to work on. Micro hardness was analyzed considerably as well. The crystal grain was smaller in stir zone (welding nugget) due to the heat but elongation tensile strength was quite higher in terms of higher welding speed. In the meantime, the middle stage of the micro hardness test graph showed quite higher hardens considering other parameters of welding speed.

Cite this article as: Haque Md Imdadul , Kader Mohammad Abdul;  Effect of Welding Speed on Formation and Tensile Strength of 6005A Aluminum Alloy FSW Joint;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 155-169, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4276533

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Elizabeth Elias , Emilia Landa Shikomba
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 127-145, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4274301
Abstract: Due to the complexity of pandemics and lack of information about the epidemiology of pandemic-related mental health problems and the possible approaches to resolve them. The occurrence of mental health problems during a pandemic may be assumed but difficult to address. When Covid-19 hurled in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China by the end of December 2019 the whole country was locked up and everyone in China was put in quarantine to prevent further viral spread. All activities and productions had been suspended, non-essential workplaces, schools and universities had also been closed. This was challenging to mental health for everyone, as Covid19 came with stressors which include; financial loss and job insecurity, death, loosing of properties and more. Covid-19 stressors had increased mental breakdown of employees as they are stressed by all the stressful happenings in the pandemic. However, the pandemic led to the struggle with psychological health due to the fear of Covid-19, which included depression, anxiety and boredom. This study discusses the effect of Covid-19 on employee’s mental health through the analysis of this relationship. In so, doing, articles concerning employee’s mental health related to the Covid-19 outbreak and other previous global infections have been considered and reviewed. The identified literature reported a positive impact of Covid-19 on employee’s mental health. In the findings of the study, people lack understanding on the danger of mental breakdown and need awareness on mental health. Therefore, the study recommends mental health education to be offered through all convenient platforms that can help people learn and strengthen their mental health during the pandemic. Besides, employers need to pay more attention to employee’s mental health problems, particularly depression and anxiety among employees and combating with pandemic while fighting public health crises. Mental health professionals, such as psychologists, psychiatrists and social workers, must be on the front line as they need to play a leading role in emergency planning and management teams. Counselling services need to be made available and free for employees, more investment should be on counselling and psychology centers in this pandemic.

Cite this article as: Elizabeth Elias , Emilia Landa Shikomba;  The Effect of Covid-19 on Employee’s Mental Health: A Literature Review;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 127-145, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4274301

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Rakotoarivelo Tiana Nantenaina, Dr. Idris, SH., MA.
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 96-108, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4257049
Abstract: The ICRC is one of the oldest international organizations in the world and since its establishment until now the ICRC has experienced many obstacles, but in reality the existence of the ICRC as an international organization has so far remained undeniable. The main objective of this research is to examine the role of the ICRC in dealing with internal violence in Nigeria. The protection provided by the ICRC to victims of the Boko Haram case is based on the 1949 Geneva Conventions, Additional Protocol II 1997 and customary international law. This legal research methodology draws data from books, journals, ICRC annual reports, websites on the internet, and other relevant sources. By providing protection to the victim of Boko Haram, the ICRC has provided several humanitarian and such as; donation of food and water, health care, care for displaced persons and promotion of international humanitarian law. The ICRC's role in assisting non-international armed conflict in Nigeria also needs the help of all parties and the war activist in respecting international humanitarian law other related sources. Nigeria's struggle against the jihadist group Boko Harm has not yet been settled, although the government has declared the rebels defeated. More soldiers died in seemingly endless wars, but the military kept their deaths.

Cite this article as: Rakotoarivelo Tiana Nantenaina, Dr. Idris, SH., MA.;  Juridical study of the role of international committee of the Red Cross on humanitarian assistance in the international humanitarian law perspective: Case study of Boko Haram in Nigeria;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 96-108, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4257049

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Nishchal Baniya
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 96-108, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4265492
Abstract: Regenerative medication (RM) is another approach to fix patients other than conventional medication and medical procedure. RM incorporates items from all the mainstays of medical care, for example drugs, biopharmaceuticals, clinical gadgets and cell treatments, to convey clinical results. All around the world, the cell treatment industry is simply developing, and keeping in mind that RM additionally draws upon non-cell-based medicines, undifferentiated organism based items and administrations have probably the most captivating chances and expectations with respect to beforehand serious sicknesses. In this exposition, the emphasis is on undeveloped cell based items and administrations. The fundamental examination question is the way scholastic exploration based advancements happen and can be moved to new organizations and treatments in the RM area. Hypothetically, this exposition expands on advancement frameworks, development related clinical innovation writing, and ability alliance hypothesis. Clinical innovation writing distinguishes parts of clinical innovation advancement development and how its components are conceptualized inside wellbeing advancement frameworks. Skill alliance hypothesis gives a decent clarification to how business develops and what skills are required. This thesis followed a valuable exploration approach and a solitary contextual analysis technique. The observational information comprises of 24 interviews and significant auxiliary information (reports, distributions, measurements, and so on) Utilizing observational information and foundation writing, a development was created so as to clarify how development happens at the framework level and to distinguish the entertainers that are included.

Cite this article as: Nishchal Baniya;  Advances in Regenerative Medicine and Tissue Engineering: Innovation and Transformation of Medicine;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 96-108, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4265492

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Sumaiya Khanom, Prof. Dr. Md. Mosharraf Hossain
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 52-77,Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4255193
Abstract: Lithe Group inaugurated its operation in 1993. Keeping its corporate mission in view, the group has over the years diversified its activities. Today this group is one of the largest Garments in Bangladesh. Lithe Group have total 7000 employees. Their Turnover $ 60 Million and 40 Million Pcs per Months. Their main product is T-shirt, Polo shirt, Tang tops, Sweat shirt, Trousers, Jump sweats, Rompers, Sleep wear and so on. It is well admitted that people form an integral part of the organization. The efficiency and quality of its people determines the fate of the organization. Hence choosing the right people, placing them at right place and selecting those at the right time have been essentially essential. Hiring comes at this point of time in the picture. Hiring is a strategic function for HR department. Recruitment and selection form the process of hiring the employees. Recruitment is the systematic process of generating a pool of qualified applicant for organization job. The process includes the step like HR planning attracting applicant and screening them. This step is affected by various factors, which can be internal as well as external. The organization makes use of various methods and sources for this purpose. Different organizations adopt different approaches and techniques for their employees. To know the practical application of the employees’ hiring process, the analysis of Lithe Group has been undertaken. In the later part of the study, we will have a little touch about the Lithe Group.

Cite this article as: Sumaiya Khanom, Prof. Dr. Md. Mosharraf Hossain;  A Study on recruitment and selection process of Lithe group, Dhaka, Bangladesh;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 52-77,Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4255193

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Ali Algaradi, Haina Jiang, Mohammed Al-Nehari , Alhurish Wael Gamil
Vol 3, Issue 11; November-2020;
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 1-14, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4166816
Abstract: Risk assessment is one of the most critical methodologies used in the safety engineering system in oil and gas construction projects that require high levels of precaution in construction activities such as pilling, materials fabrication, and structure installation. The main purpose of risk assessment is to provide full protection to the four main elements that are crucial to the oil industry: People, Environment, Assets and Reputation (PEAR). Any failure or defect in the risk assessment implementation can potentially lead to catastrophes not only during the construction stage but also in the advanced stages such as operation and productions. Historically, in oil and gas construction projects many oil spills and blow outs occurred due to lack of efficient risk assessment in the construction phase, resulting in financial loss and human capitals. The aim of this research is to enhance the implementation of safety engineering systems in the oil and gas industry construction projects through risk assessment application in the YEMEN. The main outcomes of this research study expose a gap in the understanding and the practices of risk assessment methods between management and workers, especially with regard to human factors effects on safety performance.

Cite this article as: Ali Algaradi, Haina Jiang, Mohammed Al-Nehari , Alhurish Wael Gamil;  A study to enhance the implementation of safety engineering in the construction of Oil and Gas projects in Yemen;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 1-14, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4166816

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Nazir Ahsan Roky, Kazi Mohiuddin, Soukaina Sibaouaih, Bashiru Kabiru
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 15-31, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4211605
Abstract: Inland Water Transportation has a vital role in Bangladesh's transportation of both goods and passengers. It is roughly 24,000 km from Bangladesh Rivers, lakes and canals, which collectively cover about 7 percent of its surface. A dynamic waterway network that links much of the city to its large size in the monsoon season. There is only 5968 km of rivers, lakes and canals and channels from 24,000 km away. Mechanized vessels are navigable throughout the monsoon season, which shrinks to 3,865 km. In the dry season, the IWT industry accounts for over 50 percent of cargo traffic and one-fourth of rail traffic (BIWTA, 17 apr, 2014). This paper discusses the possibilities and challenges of waterway transportation in Bangladesh's coastal area. The data have been collected from different journals, related books, publications, maritime institutions etc. Associated goals are: (i) to evaluate the region's potential to improve inland waterway transportation; ii) to assess the contribution of inland waterway transport to the transportation of passengers and freight; iii) to evaluate the effect of Inland waterway transportation on the economic improvement of Bangladesh and iii) to measure the outcome of inland waterway transportation on socio-economic progress (Owoputi Adetose Emmanuel, June 2018). In Bangladesh, however, there are more than 700 rivers, but the IWT sharing mode of transport is fragile compared to many other countries. In the Netherlands, the modal IWT share is 42 percent, France is 15 percent, Hungary is 15 percent, Germany is 14 percent, Belgium is 13 percent and the USA is 15 percent whereas in Bangladesh, only 7% (IWX, 2017). The core purpose of this study is to find out the necessity of Inland Water Transportation in terms of keeping continued human’s daily activities as well as it is tried to show that there are considerable opportunities to meet up domestic transportation demand by waterways but that are not utilized. So, it should be made up the better policy to encourage private-public participation (PPP) in the development of inland transportation sector in Bangladesh were suggested in this study

Cite this article as: Nazir Ahsan Roky, Kazi Mohiuddin, Soukaina Sibaouaih, Bashiru Kabiru;  Inland Water Transportation in Bangladesh: Prospects and Challenges;  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 15-31, 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4211605

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 11
Adnan Alsanoy , Mona Alariqi , Maniyassouwe Amana , Farhan Aslam
Vol 3, Issue 11 ; November 2020
North American Academic Research, 3(11) 32-51, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4212171
Abstract: : This study aims to measure the impact of the of a bank development on the economic growth in the Republic of Yemen represented by the Cooperative and Agricultural Credit Bank, through which a set of indicators were used, including customer deposits total , loans Total, financing facilities and activities, in addition to the bank’s balances total in other banks, all in real prices as an indicator of banking development, as GDP used in real prices as an indicator of economic growth, and this study used the standard method of self-regression of the distributed lag ARDL and one of the most prominent results was that system of Yemeni banking, represented by the Cooperative and Agricultural Credit Bank, could not play an effective role in encouraging economic growth in Yemen. Therefore, it is necessary to take targeted policies that seek to activate the role of the banking system in the overall process of economic development in Yemen, the most important of which are: Activating and developing the role of the private sector in the economy, mitigating the role of the informal economic activities of the private sector in the economy, Reducing restrictions on the banking system which mean freeing the banking system from all financial restraint policies, in addition to achieving security and political stability in Yemen, and developing banking operations systems in line with a new Situation of economic in the country and amending the terms and rates for loan granting.

Cite this article as: Adnan Alsanoy , Mona Alariqi , Maniyassouwe Amana , Farhan Aslam;  Measure the Impact of a bank development on the economic growth in Yemen by using Form "ARDL";  North American Academic Research, 3(11) 32-51, Nov 2020, https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4212171

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