North American Academic Research

The monthly journal from TWASP 
Online ISSN: 1945-9098
Impact Factor : 1.75 (2020)

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November 2019


  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
D. A. Chowdhury and M. Jamaluddin Ahmed
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 390-422; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3558801
Abstract: Chittagong is one of the major developing cities in Bangladesh; its area is rapidly increasing and a large number of populations live in Chittagong City Corporation (CCC). Majority of the people are using the groundwater as a prime source for their domestic needs, besides the CCC is supplying them with an allocation of treated water. Our research work has been focused on various essential physical and chemical parameters including color, odor, transparency, pH, conductivity, salinity, total dissolved solids (TDS), dissolved oxygen(DO), Chemical oxygen demand(COD), sulfate, nitrate, ammonia, orthophosphate, chloride, fluoride, M. alkalinity, P. alkalinity, hardness, calcium, magnesium, arsenic, iron, potassium, manganese, chromium, nickel, cadmium, lead silver, mercury and zinc of water samples from various districts of Chittagong region. An attempt has been made in this study to evaluate the groundwater quality of Chittagong region. Groundwater samples were collected from shallow wells, deep wells and hand pumps of different heavily industrialized and domestic blocks. The work has been confined to Chittagong region and districts. Since the water quality is expected to vary with season, multiple samples have been collected from 100 sites at an interval of 2 to 3 weeks in each district before and after monsoon for hydrological year 2016 -2018. The water samples have been analyzed using standard method for physicochemical parameters as prescribed by APHA, using standard techniques and compared with WHO drinking water quality standards. The laboratory findings of water quality parameters were also compared with the recommended values set by DoE and BSTI. The concentration of different constituents of most of the groundwater samples were within the permissible limits of BSTI drinking water quality guideline except As, Cd and Pb. Results of water quality assessment identified the problem areas in respect of arsenic. The results also provided data to understand and quantify the threat of the impact of climate change on freshwater resources of this region. The results also provided data for water quality of groundwater resources of Chittagong area to match national and international standards for drinking, agricultural, industrial and livestock requirements.

Cite this article as: D. A. Chowdhury and M. Jamaluddin Ahmed;  Physicochemical Characteristics of Groundwater Quality from Chittagong Area, Southeastern Bangladesh;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 390-422; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3558801

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Asma Mehboob, Rebeka Ahmad Kizee, Bushra Farooq
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 344-358; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3562475
Abstract: This paper examines an overview of environmental protection and sustainable development worldwide under the umbrella of international economic law. In this paper we have addressed the environmental pollution growth along with the development of environmental protection laws for the last few years. It is clear that environmental protection and sustainable development ‘has developed into too flexible theory to serve its essential purpose under the International Economic law. The paper analysis the theory of sustainable development that has determined the society to recognize and develop into responsive of the significance of ecological factors as well as of the function and services that the environment offers. Accordingly, it needs to be replaced with a basic title for the environmental movement. In this paper, we want to prove that sustainable development, Environmental protection must be considered in the determination of the line of action of International Economics law process. Specifically, the article will discuss various sources of implementation. Now it’s the time that international community seriously think and reconsider their approach regarding environmental protection law under the international economic law, with today pressing global warming and environmental issues which is facing and great concern for all over the world.

Cite this article as: Asma Mehboob, Rebeka Ahmad Kizee, Bushra Farooq;  An Overview of Environmental Protection and Sustainable Development under : International Economic Law;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 344-358; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3562475

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Deepak K. Kharal , Deepak Gautam , Catherine Mhae B. Jandug , Abdullah Mujahid
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 324-331; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3562426
Abstract: Altitude is a strong determinant factor in the local climate and is an important factor to consider when examining the association between tree and climate relations. Dendroclimatic approach was carried out to examine such relations by extracting the 50 cores of the Abies spectablies. Out of 50 cores, 41 series from 26 trees were well cross dated and samples were analyzed by using ARSTAN program to build the chronology. 155- years long ring width chronology spanning from 1899 to 2017 was developed. The result showed that the growth of Abies spectablies was positively correlated with total precipitation of four months and negatively correlated with eight months in a year. Similarly, the growth of Abies spectablies was negatively correlated with the mean monthly temperature of nine months in a year and positively correlated with the mean monthly temperature of January, August and July only. From the analysis, it was concluded that few months are favorable for the growth of the Abies Spectablies and most of the months were unfavorable. If the moisture availability decreases and drought increase the condition will be more severe in the growth of this plant in the upcoming day.

Cite this article as: Deepak K. Kharal , Deepak Gautam , Catherine Mhae B. Jandug , Abdullah Mujahid;  One and half Century Long Tree-Climate Relations in Western Nepalese Himalaya;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 324-331; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3562426

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Nishchal Baniya, Juwer Ansari, Nabin Neupane, Akshyama Aryal, Pratik Baral, Sabin Dotel
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 359-370; DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3563213
Abstract: In spite of being read for more than 20 years, little is thought about the components fundamental the treatment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from mechanical off-gases in two-liquid phase bioreactors (TLPBs). Late reports have featured a noteworthy confuse between the high abiotic mass exchange limit of TLPBs and the low VOC biodegradation rates now and then recorded, which proposes that a procedure impediment may likewise be found in the microbiology of the procedure. Subsequently, this examination was led to survey the key job of microbial attributes on the execution of VOC biodegradation in a TLPB utilizing three distinctive hexane debasing consortia. At the point when silicone oil 200 cSt (SO200) was added to the frameworks, the relentless state hexane end limits (ECs) expanded by a factor of 8.7 and 16.3 for Consortium A (hydrophilic microorganisms) and B (100% hydrophobic microorganisms), separately. Within the sight of SO200, Consortium C bolstered a first unfaltering state with a 2-overlap increment in ECs pursued by a 16-overlay EC increment after a hydrophobicity move (to 100% hydrophobic microorganisms), contrasted with the framework denied of SO200. This work uncovered that cell hydrophobicity can assume a key job in the effective execution of TLPBs, and as far as we could possibly know, this is the principal report on hydrophobic VOC treatment with selective VOC take-up inside a nonbioavailable non watery stage. At long last, a free arrangement of analyses demonstrated that metabolite collection can likewise seriously hinder TLPB execution regardless of the nearness of SO200.

Cite this article as: Nishchal Baniya, Juwer Ansari, Nabin Neupane, Akshyama Aryal, Pratik Baral, Sabin Dotel;  Water Treatment: Enhancing Chlorobenzene Biodegradation by Delfia tsuruhatensis Using Water- silicon Biphasic System;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 359-370; DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3563213

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
MD Sezadur Rahman, MD Toushif Pramanik, Hosne Ara
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 324-331;https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3562411
Abstract: RADAR is an electromagnetic coordination for the detection and location of targeted objects. A radar transmits pulses of radio waves or microwaves which bounce off any object in its trail. Radars have been used for military application, highway patrol, ballistic missile guidance, airport traffic flow control, navigation, positioning, mapping, spying or tracking and many other solicitations. In this paper we’ve shown how we developed a resourceful cost efficient tech using basic components that reflects all the possible techniques a radar consists of. It uses ultrasonic sensors to identify objects in range and passes the data to Arduino microcontroller. Arduino UNO board is sufficed to control ultrasonic sensor, the movement of it and also to interface the sensor with digital display. The prototype of the system is implemented and coding for Arduino control is developed Experimental results show that the system can detect objects within the range with high accuracy and perfect for indoor applications.

Cite this article as: MD Sezadur Rahman, MD Toushif Pramanik, Hosne Ara;  Developing a Cost Efficient RADAR System;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 324-331;https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3562411

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Usman Ali, Guo Wenliang, Hammad Sadiq , Atta-Ur-Rehman , Samiullah Khan , Simbarashe Charekwa
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 362-372; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3554579
Abstract: The joint coordinate system of the six-degree-of-freedom manipulator is established, and the kinematics equation of the six-degree-of-freedom manipulator is established according to the D-H parameter method. Forward kinematics finds the position and attitude of the end mechanism based on the joint angle of the joint. Inverse kinematics uses geometry methods to solve according to the selections. Using MATLAB to compare the forward and inverse kinematics solution is multiple poses to verify the accuracy of the algorithm and choose the last frame six with the origin at the center of the end-effector flange.

Cite this article as: Usman Ali, Guo Wenliang, Hammad Sadiq , Atta-Ur-Rehman , Samiullah Khan , Simbarashe Charekwa;  Kinematics Analysis and Verification of Six-DoF Humanoid Robotic Manipulator;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 362-372; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3554579

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Sora Ju
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 373-389; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3558552
Abstract: As Fintech has proliferated over the last few years and most of countries have put more effort to adopt it at state level. It is apparent that Fintech brings more of cost-cut, security, and reliability to a greater number of people. At this moment, as China nurtured a myriad of Fintech giants and became one of Fintech powers so that it brings a surprise to the world. In general, each of China Fintech subsectors has flourished. It is because Chinese government is open to easing regulatory control which welcomes new entrants into a market and makes a natural competitive atmosphere with the old. Also, the state’s remedial action where it complements downside of law and system afterwards is so practical that it has paved way for the prosperity of Fintech. On the other hand, despite the fact that Korea has been well known as cutting-edge technologies, it is most unlikely that Korea is playing a leading role in Fintech due to trap of legislation which impedes the progress of Fintech industry. Also, the existing financial institutions fear bearing the burden of investment in Fintech. The paper suggests the proposition of how Korea develops it along with the speed of world Fintech through the study on China’s case. First of all, China took ‘Inclusive Finance’ that embraces non-financial sectors in it. Particularly, it reduced the regulation of Fintech and provided new markets and business opportunities. Furthermore, it set a definite political way which accumulated experiences of permitting testing businesses and induced a competition. The progressive approach through tests backed up the drawback of system afterward.

Cite this article as: Sora Ju;  Progress of China Fintech and Deregulation;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 373-389; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3558552

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Mohammad Nazim Ud dowla Khan, Guo Lifang
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 348-361; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553160
Abstract: This article presents background information and research results from a study on the economic contribution of women through their unpaid work. The purpose of the research was to obtain an approximate figure of the economic value of the daily work performed by women in Bangladesh, work consisting of household tasks, farming, etc. for which they receive no pay.

Cite this article as: Mohammad Nazim Ud dowla Khan, Guo Lifang;  Economic contribution of women in Bangladesh and their financial obstacles as an entrepreneur;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 348-361; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553160

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Hammad Sadiq , Kou Ziming , Wu Juan , Imran Ali , Muhammad Umar Bashir , Usman Ali
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 307-317; : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3551610
Abstract: RRA heat treatment has improved the strength and corrosion resistance of AA7075 composite. The conditions of RRA heat treatment are optimized. In this paper, the optimized heat treatment parameters were found by performing different analyzes. Corrosion resistance and Strength of AA7075 composite were evaluated from the tensile test, hardness test, EDS, and SEM. From the results, we concluded that the parameters which improved the strength and corrosion resistance of AA7075 composite include preaging at 120 °C for 24 h, retrogression at 210 °C for 8 min, and reaging at 120 °C for 24 h.

Cite this article as: Hammad Sadiq , Kou Ziming , Wu Juan , Imran Ali , Muhammad Umar Bashir , Usman Ali;  MICROSTRUCTURE AND CORROSION ANALYSIS OF RRA HEAT TREATED AA7075-T6 TEMPERED ALUMINIUM ALLOY;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 307-317; : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3551610

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Rifath Jahan Antora, Suraya Easmin Chowdhury
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(9) : 333-347; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553108
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is quickly expanding worldwide yet the best increment is normal in creating nations including the Philippines. It is of general wellbeing worry to screen countrywide predominance of diabetes as it prompts noteworthy cardiovascular-related mortality just as huge entanglements such end organize renal sickness, visual deficiency, lower leg removals and visual impairment. Procedure: This is a national review to gauge the pervasiveness of diabetes and pre-diabetes utilizing the criteria of the World Health Organization through a stratified multi-organize inspecting configuration speaking to every one of the 17 districts in the nation. Results and Discussion: The national commonness of diabetes in the year 2018 was 7.2% (6.5-7.9); impeded glucose resilience 7.0% (6.1-7.8) and impeded fasting glucose was 2.2% (2.2-3.1). There was a more noteworthy commonness of people with diabetes in the urban territories at 8.5% (7.5-9.5) contrasted with the provincial territories at 5.7% (4.6-6.8). Diabetes is somewhat increasingly prevalent among females at 7.4% (6.4-8.3) contrasted with guys at 7.0% (6.1-8.0). End: The pervasiveness of diabetes mellitus in the Bangladesh is ascending with the pervasiveness in 2018 at 7.2%. The pervasiveness of pre-diabetes surpasses that of diabetes mellitus at roughly 10.2%.

Cite this article as: Rifath Jahan Antora, Suraya Easmin Chowdhury;  Diabetes Mellitus Survey in the Bangladesh: A Sub-study;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(9) : 333-347; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3553108

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Luyu Chen, Lixia Chen, Syed Far Abid Hossain
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 290-306; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3551297
Abstract: The key purpose of this paper is to explore Social media-based entrepreneurial tendency among Asian women. The study tried to explore the hidden issues behind Social media-based entrepreneurial tendency which may change the ultimate low image of Asian women in the contemporary era. The authors used systematic literature review to do the research. First, the existing literature was reviewed extensively to find the gap and then a thorough analysis of existing literature was conducted with a set of quality assessment questionnaire based on social media and the attitude of women entrepreneurs. To analyze the data, authors used systematic literature review. Results show a significant relationship about Social media based entrepreneurial tendency among Asian women. Women may change their image as well as they may lead a prestigious life with the help of social media in entrepreneurship. The study was conducted with a limited number of women entrepreneurs from China which may affect the generalizability of the result. This study aims to fulfill the gap in the current literature by analyzing the contemporary scenario of women entrepreneurs and their aims and motivation to do better in innovative ways.

Cite this article as: Luyu Chen, Lixia Chen, Syed Far Abid Hossain;  Social media-based entrepreneurial tendency among Asian women towards sustainable development;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 290-306; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3551297

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Khan Shahnewaz Sohagh, Xiaoqing Han, Lei Wang
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 36-44; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549833
Abstract: Micro grids are emerging as one of the promising solutions to integrate various types of distributed renewable energy sources with the utility grid. Though the existing grids are AC grids, today’s electrical loads comprising of power electronic based equipment and distributed renewable energy generation make DC micro grids more attractive. However, an individual AC micro grid and DC micro grid requires multiple conversions of power at the user end for DC loads and AC loads respectively, resulting in less efficient system. Thus, hybrid AC/DC micro grid seems to be the best solution to avoid substantial energy losses in multiple conversions. However, there are several technical challenges in the implementation of hybrid AC/DC micro grid, which need to be addressed. This paper presents an overview of hybrid AC/DC micro grid and discusses the important key issues and challenges to be overcome for its practical implementation.

Cite this article as: Khan Shahnewaz Sohagh, Xiaoqing Han, Lei Wang;  Grid-Connected Three Phase Hybrid AC to DC Microgrid Controlling System using Bidirectional Converter;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 36-44; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549833

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Salma Akter Laboni, Jarin Sadia Promy, Shah Zubayer Abdullah
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 251-271; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549088
Abstract: Flower being introduced as a business item to the international market by Colombia, in the early eighteenth century, has attracted many other countries as a means of earning foreign currencies. Bangladesh flowers cultivation was commercially established in 1980’ in Jhikargachar, a district of Jessore. Over the years, this business has taken a good shape in the domestic market. Europe and North America have been dominating the flower industry for many years but suddenly export of flowers has seen a decline in this region as the importers are moving toward lower-priced markets like Kenya, Ethiopia, Ecuador, China, Israel, Malaysia and India. Bangladesh has also experienced a drastic change in the flower cultivation. Flower cultivation is highly profitable compared to agricultural crops. The study reveals that because of natural advantages. Such as fertile soil, good climate conditions and other facilities, a bright prospect of flower business and floriculture which is the competitive advantage of Bangladesh. The study examined the export volume of flowers of Bangladesh and anticipated future export value. This paper also describes the latent aspects which can help Bangladesh controlling the global export market. The paper examined domestic markets and explained various factors that are hindering local production and marketing. By minimizing the complications Bangladesh can ensure uninterrupted production of flowers which can pave the way to export. This article starts with a clear focus on flower business, objectives of the study, scope, methodology. And the later sections cover with data analyses. Finally, the study has offered some possible arena where this research can be further expanded.

Cite this article as: Salma Akter Laboni, Jarin Sadia Promy, Shah Zubayer Abdullah;  Export Potentiality of Flower Industry: A Case Study on Bangladeshi Flower Industry;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 251-271; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549088

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Jiraporn Naksuk
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 272-282; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549116
Abstract: The full text is based on tourism services trade issues between China and Thailand. First, through a lot of data to illustrate the development of tourism between the two countries before, including the development of the history and development of the status quo. Secondly, China and Thailand noted in the tourism trade in services in the problems, "zero fare" issue, as well as China and Thailand tourism trade deficit problem exists mainly on trade in services in the Thai tourism market today. In response to these problems, the author lists the measures taken by the two governments, and put forward their own ideas. Finally, the future of China and Thailand tourism service trade development and make prospects. Keywords: Travel ; Service Trade; Thailand;

Cite this article as: Jiraporn Naksuk;  Study on the Development of Sino-Thai Tourism Trade Services;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 272-282; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549116

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Malolychenko Iakov
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 283-289; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549123
Abstract: This article is devoted to the study of sanctions applied against the Russian Federation by the countries of Western Europe and the United States, as well as ways to overcome sanctions measures and packages. The article will consider the reasons that led to certain sanctions against the Russian Federation, as well as analyze the consequences of the measures taken to mitigate or overcome the sanctions taken against the Russian Federation. Keywords: Russia, Economic sanctions, Europe, USA

Cite this article as: Malolychenko Iakov;  Modern conditions for overcoming sanctions in the Russian Federation;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 283-289; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3549123

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Ferdousi Akter, Md. Al Mamun
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 238-250 , https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3545047
Abstract: In an antediluvian pedagogic system of language teaching, the teacher is seen to play a dominating role in the classroom instructions. But it can be argued and asserted that students can learn a second or foreign language rapidly and effectively if they are provided with an approach in ELT is such an attempt that puts its main focus on the student’s inner world and places the learner’s thoughts, emotions and feelings at the forefront of all linguistic development. It reduces the anxiety and offers a teaching and learning platform that not only constructs learner’s knowledge but also provides them a self-realization of their own potentiality. However, this paper first presents an overview of humanistic approaches and then discusses the impacts off the humanistic approach on language teaching in general and English language teaching in particular. It also advocates for the potential applications of the humanistic approach in the language teaching context in Bangladesh.

Cite this article as: Ferdousi Akter, Md. Al Mamun;  Study of Humanistic Education: A solution to Language Teaching in Bangladesh;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 238-250 , https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3545047

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Sophanara Huon
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 219-237; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3545041
Abstract: Foreign direct investment plays a key role in improving development, economic growth, and global integration. The importance of FDI provides benefits to countries with economic growth through increased national income, the creation of new jobs, higher wages, experience, greater exports, skilled management, and increased productivity through new technologies. In this way, FDI becomes the objective for developing countries to absorb the capital inflow and many new technologies to improve their economy through their policies to attract more and more foreign direct investment. Cambodia undertakes a new policy of identical treatment for absorbing all investors both local and overseas. The new law helped enhance increasing investment projects and gave a wider opportunity for foreign investors to get benefits from their investment in the Kingdom. This paper attempts to analyze the effects of foreign direct investment and its importance on the economic growth of Cambodia. The study uses time-series data from 1995 to 2018. The study uses a correlation matrix and multiple regression analysis techniques to analyze the data. Data access was done in the Excel program, which could be converted into STATA/SE 12.0. The data has been obtained from the World Development Indicators (WDI) database published by the World Bank and the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training of Cambodia. The result revealed that FDI has positive effects on the economic growth of Cambodia, and most importantly, the employment opportunities were created for the domestic population, which in the long term helps unemployment and poverty reduction. Finally, the study recommends that to attract more and more FDI, the government should bring reforms in the domestic market, keep strong macroeconomic and political stability, and develop human capital resources in the country. Keywords: Effects, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), Economic Growth, Cambodia

Cite this article as: Sophanara Huon;  A study on the effects of Foreign Direct Investments on Cambodia’s Economic Growth;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 219-237; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3545041

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Sabbir Ahmed Galib, Mohd Raisul Islam Khan, Dr. Md. Humayun Kabir, Shah Zubayer Abdullah
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 196-218; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3545009
Abstract: During the last three decades' workplace safety has emerged as an area of major concern for employers as well as employees. This research focuses the present scenario of occupational safety and health in Readymade Garments (RMG) sector of Bangladesh, the achievement of Accord, Alliance and National Tripartite Plan of Action (NTPA) after Rana Plaza accident. Primary data collected through Key Informant Interviews (KII) with garment workers, managers, safety committee members, fire service civil defense official, development agency like World Bank and UN professionals. Secondary data collected through the review of literature on the study related to occupational health & safety, workplace safety, legal settings, sustainability compact studies and by reviewing recent published and unpublished materials. The study shows that 6 years after the establishment of the Accord, more than 1600 of its enlisted factories has completed 90% of their initial remediation works among which 227 factories has done all of their suggested remediation works. On the other hand, 428 members factories of the Alliance of North American brands led initiative has completed all items identified in their initial reports before ceasing their activities in Bangladesh and under the national initiative from the Bangladesh Government, it’s members have completed 30% remediation work. The study also revels that Accord field activities including verifying the remediation works and its workplace safety programs are more transparent than the others. Key informants of this study have appreciated the present development of the Accord and alliances as well as they have criticized different relevant issues which may have negative effect on the achievement on both platforms. With the efforts of the Accord and Alliance significant development in the workplace safety have achieved but still more work needs to be done. There also lies a big challenge for smooth transition of these external organizations to carry over their future works by the local bodies with transparency, rigorous, readiness and well enforcement.

Cite this article as: Sabbir Ahmed Galib, Mohd Raisul Islam Khan, Dr. Md. Humayun Kabir, Shah Zubayer Abdullah;  A Study on the Occupational Safety and Health in Perspective of Disaster Management Approach: Research on Ready-Made Garments Sector of Bangladesh;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 196-218; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3545009

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Helmi Mohammed Salah
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 171-182; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3542321
Abstract: Purpose: the study aims at analyzing exchange rate system of Saudi Arabia and its influence on the other economic indicators such as economic growth, inflation and the rate of CPI. Moreover, it identifies the reasons for choosing such an exchange rate and weather a fixed or a flexible exchange rate is more effective in enhancing the economy. In short, the value of this paper is to answer the following key questions: a) What are the various types exchange rate regimes that has been used in Saudi Arabia over the pastime? b) What’s the impact of the current exchange rate on the economy of Saudi Arabia? c) Weather a fixed or a flexible exchange rate regime could be a better choice for the economy of Saudi Arabia. Methodology: to carry out this study, thorough research and analyses of the previous literatures, firm's websites, and Expert reports regarding exchange regime was done. Moreover, this paper studied the relationship between the actual exchange rate and its impact on the economy’s performance. Taken in mind that the price of oil is decreasing, the study illustrated how the current exchange rate will serve the economy in such a case. Findings: The overall findings show that the fixed exchange rate regime has served the economy of Saudi Arabia for the period 1986-2014. While the flexible exchange rate system, which used in the period of 1973-1986, has led to a depreciation in currency and an increase in the inflation rate. The reason for this, is that, since Saudi Arabia completely depends on oil, it has a no diverging economic cycle relative to the United States. Thus, the dollar peg is likely to serve the economy until Saudi Arabia becomes a meaningfully diversified economy, with exports denominated in a mix of currencies. Moreover, in the era of using a fixed exchange rate. Limitations: this study has some limitation such as, the span of the time was short, the scarcity of the studies in this Area, especially in the Arab region.

Cite this article as: Helmi Mohammed Salah;  An investigation on the exchange rate regime of Saudi Arabia and its impact on the economy;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 171-182; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3542321

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Alessia Fucetola
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 157-170; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3542287
Abstract: This paper attempts to provide a better comprehension of the trade relations between China and Italy with particular attention to the factors that strengthen this cooperation. This choice was not accidental. China is a country that has recently experienced an incredible economic growth and it is now regarded as one the driving forces of the global economy. On the contrary, following the economic crisis, the level of entrepreneurial activities in Italy has sharply decreased over the last decade. However, besides their economic differences a growing interdependence of Italy and China has reinforced over the last decade and it is predicted to become even tighter within the next ten years. To conduct this study, the available literature review concerning the economic relation between Italy and China was studied. At the same time, all the major sources regarding the Italian foreign trade were carefully analysed and all the most relevant data collected. The research produced several key findings regarding the pull factors of China and Italy’s trade relations. The driving forces towards a strong and stable partnership between the two countries are mainly three: the revolutionary One Belt One Road project, the Italian government’s policies to promote the awareness of ‘Made in Italy’ on foreign markets and the growing number of the Chinese direct investments in Italy. The information obtained with this research are significant in shaping the current Sino-Italian trade relations. Thus, this study might be a good starting point for all those Chinese and Italian companies who want to comprehend the nature of the relation with their oversea counterparts and elaborate effective strategies to penetrate each other markets.

Cite this article as: Alessia Fucetola;  Trade Relations Between China and Italy: Driving Factors;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 157-170; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3542287

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Phetsamone Phommouny
2, Issue 11; November-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 183-195; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3543924
Abstract: : FDI is considered to be a significant factor in order to support economic growth, the inflows of foreign capital is not only creating more employment to the host countries, but it also provide a dynamic benefit to those countries in term of technological transfer. A large amount of capital comes in through these investments more and more industries are set up, and it helps to promote the international trade. The current paper attempts to analyze the impact of Chinese FDI on Laos’s economic growth. The secondary data sources were obtained from the World Development Indicators (WDI) database published by the World Bank (WB), the Bank of Laos (BOL) and the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MIP) of Laos. The study analyzes time series data from 2005 to 2018, by following independent variables including Chinese foreign direct investment, foreign exchange rate, inflation rate and interest rate. The study used correlation and multiple regression analysis techniques for data analysis. The results of the study found that China's FDI has a positive impact on the economic growth of Laos. The study recommends that the government should bring reforms in the domestic market to attract foreign direct investment in Laos.

Cite this article as: Phetsamone Phommouny;  The Impact of China’s Foreign Direct Investment on Economic Growth of Lao PDR;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 183-195; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3543924

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Yok Boonpektrakul
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 113-121; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3539675
Abstract: In this paper, the trade volume between Thailand and ASEAN members and non-members is empirically analyzed by using the gravity model. The 1995-2018 panel data were used to establish a gravity model with variables such as distance from Thailand to each country, GDP, per capita GDP and whether it is an ASEAN country. According to the results of the gravity model, the economic aggregate of each country, the distance from Thailand and whether it is an ASEAN country have a significant influence on the trade volume between Thailand and each country.

Cite this article as: Yok Boonpektrakul;  Gravity model in Thailand with ASEAN and NON-ASEAN Empirical analysis in Trade;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 113-121; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3539675

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Zawar Hussain ; Lizhen Gao ; and Muhammad Moeen
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 132-156; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3539681
Abstract: There are so many types of large number of vehicles are moving on the road in Faisalabad like motor rickshaws, motorcycles, cars and heavy traffic trucks and buses etc. Thirty different locations were selected for CO monitoring and forty locations were selected for noise monitoring in whole city. Two different instruments were used to measured two different parameter, integrating sound level meter model 6226 was used to measure noise pollution and yellow fluke meter was used to measure CO level. Data was collected in two different time morning as well as evening, maximum noise was measured 99 db in the commercial zone in the evening time and maximum CO was measured in the industrial zone in the evening time that was 42 ppm greater than morning time. On the basis of health effect data 37% people affected with noise pollution and according to data that 45% people was affected with respiratory disease due to CO pollution of vehicle emission. Similarly 32% people was effected with allergy, 35% giddiness, 50% ENT (Eyes and throat), and 42% people was affected from CO emissions from vehicles emission, maximum locations are exceeding the standard limit of EPA (Environment Protection Agency) of Pakistan.

Cite this article as: Zawar Hussain ; Lizhen Gao ; and Muhammad Moeen;  Assessing the Extent and Effects of Vehicles’ Noise Pollution and CO Emissions on Human Health in Urban Areas of Faisalabad, Pakistan;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 132-156; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3539681

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Mahboob Ullah, Niaz Mohammad Hamdard, Noor Ahmad Sahar
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 122-131; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3539678
Abstract: Sound governance system can inculcate investors’ confidence. Good practices of corporate governance craft the iconic position of corporations by making performance strong and reducing risk. The fundamental purpose of this study was to evaluate the influencing role of CEO Duality on risk of Textile manufacturing corporations listed on the Pakistan Stock Exchange (PSX). For achievement of research objective, twenty Textile sectors firms listed on the PSX was employed from the period 2010 to 2018. Hypotheses were tested by deploying correlation analysis and fixed effect regression model, and results were tested via Best Linear Un-biased Estimator properties of regression. The findings reveal that CEO duality has positive association with solvency risk. The study support the hypothesis and preceding studies that have also documented positive relation between CEO Duality and risk. This study is imperative for Textile sector firms in developing economies like Pakistan in understanding the importance of corporate governance practices as CEO duality increases corporate risk and lose investor trust in under developing country like Pakistan.

Cite this article as: Mahboob Ullah, Niaz Mohammad Hamdard, Noor Ahmad Sahar;  CEO Duality and Risk: A Case of Textile Firms Listed on Pakistan Stock Exchange;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 122-131; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3539678

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Sajid Hussain, Shahid Hussain
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) 97-112; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3533923
Abstract: There are many results on the decycling number (G) of a graph G is the smallest number of vertices can be removed from a graph G so that the resultant graph contains no cycle, that is, induced forest. A decycling set containing exactly G vertices of G is called -set.

Cite this article as: Sajid Hussain, Shahid Hussain;  Connected Decycling Number of Pm x Pn;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) 97-112; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3533923

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Rakhimboev Muzaffar, I.A. Saparniyazov
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 85-96 mber, 2019 ; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3533916
Abstract: Development of Successful new product is rough, particularly for truly new products. How can companies productively expand and commercialize such kind of products and what types of factors affect new Product success? The latest study aims to respond to this main question. An amount number of Leaders are capable of creating completely new industries are supported to build conditions under which groups could learn from failures, past experience who wish to develop their company’s capacity to build up the kind of products. And also critical success factors are also significant in some business areas. With the purpose of fulfilling their purposes, the studies have focused entirely on many features of the management of new product development in companies, and also challenged to weave them to a number of substitute effects. This has entitled for the quantity of “success” itself. And this paper also concentrates on four innovation strategy with examples.

Cite this article as: Rakhimboev Muzaffar, I.A. Saparniyazov;  The Critical Success Factors of Developing New Products in the Marketplace;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 85-96 mber, 2019 ; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3533916

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Mst. Nilufar Yasmin, Rafi Imam
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 74-82; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3533971
Abstract: Fundamental to Thomas Hardy's fiction and verse, just as his memoir, scenes of move continually sanction characters' connections to history and memory and investigate the phenomenology of volition and of self-misfortune. A full range of sociality exists crosswise over such moves, from delighted collectivity to sorrowful self-antagonism, concentrated romance to private joy. Solid investigates moving additionally for its affinities with work, engineering and battle. The differently danceable rhythms of his productive, metrically aspiring stanza enlighten what the essayist's praised inspirations of time may owe to move. In a few of the books, move prompts iridescent dialects of tangible surface and populates elucidating sections with a thickness and dynamism that may represent Hardyean authenticity at its generally test. Close literary examination, move hypothesis and neurophysiology propose that Hardy's moves may transform stationary adding something extra to a method of mimetic and kinaesthetic vision – a demonstration of moving by different implies.

Cite this article as: Mst. Nilufar Yasmin, Rafi Imam;  Realism in the Novel of Thomas Hardy;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 74-82; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3533971

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Mohammed Hasan Tarek, Dr. Salah Uddin Rajib
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 62-73; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3530948
Abstract: Administration and Congressional leaders struggle with rapidly-changing political and economic environments in the United States, it is increasingly clear that those environments are inexorably linked to equally-rapid and unexpected changes abroad. Moreover, many of these changes are occurring in regions of the world and countries only marginally of interest to most American policy makers in the past. Bangladesh is one such country. Bangladesh is facing new, pressing difficulties that necessitate U.S. action. The U.S. economic outlook and, just as significantly, the global economic outlook is not good. Trade benefits provided now by the United States to countries in sub-Saharan Africa, the Caribbean, Mexico, Israel and Jordan are diverting exports of Bangladesh’s most important product toward producers on those regions. The ramifications for export earnings, employment, even economic and political stability are not insignificant.

Cite this article as: Mohammed Hasan Tarek, Dr. Salah Uddin Rajib;  Factors effecting trade barriers in international business between China and USA and its impacts on Bangladesh market;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 62-73; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3530948

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Nanieil Shaky
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 36-48; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3529880
Abstract: In the social exchange business, China is a relatively young advantageous, where Alibaba started mass networking a few years ago. In the past, there was no middle class, and the economy had a restrictive power base which recently becomes more flexible. These changes provided the opportunity for the family business to grow as an economic power. This paper will demonstrate how the economy of China can be affected by family business behavior and cultural influence. The concept of nepotism, cynicism, and succession of obligation plays a significant role in the Chinese family business. This paper tries to analyze the reasons for nepotism, cynicism, and succession within the traditional Chinese family culture. By measuring the positive and negative aspects of this relationship, processes can be implemented to combat nepotism, cynicism and poor succession planning.

Cite this article as: Nanieil Shaky;  Inherited Hindrance Aspect in Asian Pacific Family Businesses;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 36-48; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3529880

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Tonmoy Paul , Miraduzzaman Chowdhury , Kamrul Hassan Bhuiyan , Rony Mia , Suraiya Sultana
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 18-35; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3529872
Abstract: In textile dyeing industry, body part & accessories part of garments is dying in a same recipe & condition in a dyeing machine. Most of the time fabric type between body part & accessories is different. The objective of this work to finds out the color yield & space deviation between body part & accessories part fabric. By Kubelka-Monk theory, we explained the deviation between body part & accessories part of fabric in K/S, wavelength curve & difference in lightness and darkness (L), difference in red and green (a), difference in yellow and blue (b), total color difference (E) value for color space.

Cite this article as: Tonmoy Paul , Miraduzzaman Chowdhury , Kamrul Hassan Bhuiyan , Rony Mia , Suraiya Sultana;  Investigation of color yield & color space between different parts of a garments body;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 18-35; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3529872

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 11
Abid Hossain Shawon, Prof. Gulinaer yusuf
2, Issue 11; November-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 46-83; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3529841
Abstract: An imperative determinant of enhancing corporate execution is great corporate governance. Great corporate governance is additionally helpful for advancing corporate financial imperativeness and enhancing the dimension of corporate monetary execution. From the current lettering, the exploration on monetary corporate governance is commonly centered on the managing an account industry, yet the examination dependent on insurance agency administration is generally few, particularly the test on the effect of insurance agency administration on business execution is not very many. The current writing predominantly centers on the hypothetical premise of insurance agency administration. With the posting of expansive insurance agencies, real insurance agencies are likewise in the market. Including a segment of open data exposure on their official site, the majority of this data have established the information framework for the examination of this paper. This paper basically utilizes the accompanying two strategies: First, writing examination. Through books, insurance agencies 'sites, Bangladesh, protection yearbook, RESET budgetary research database and different approaches to get writing. And this exploration information, condense household and remote research results, and acquire the most recent information in Bangladesh, writing gives the important hypothetical premise, while information can all the more likely mirror the genuine circumstance of our nation, in order to accomplish hypothetical application practically speaking. At last, it advances relating proposals on the enhancement of insurance agency administration from four angles: value improvement, board streamlining, and official inspiration enhancement and data exposure. Proposals as to enhance the administration structure of insurance agencies in Bangladesh. Finally, it goes for taking care of office issues, planning the connection between partners, empowering the organization to settle on logical choices, with the goal that all parts of the organization's advantages are kept up.

Cite this article as: Abid Hossain Shawon, Prof. Gulinaer yusuf;  The impact of corporate governance on firm performance in Bangladeshi insurance companies;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(11) : 46-83; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3529841

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