North American Academic Research

The monthly journal from TWASP 
Online ISSN: 1945-9098
Impact Factor : 1.75 (2020)

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May 2019


  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Abdullah-Al-Mamun, Rocky Chakma
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 235-246
Abstract: The printed-image-quality checking problems of clothes in the testing process were proposed to build a new cloth-printed-image-quality testing system automatically. In this testing system, the machine vision is important of the testing system to perform the machine vision as well as the image processing. Therefore, in this research, the printed image quality of the cloths was analyzed to check the quality checking system due to check the complex printed image pattern in the cloths. The Halcon software was used to achieve the functions for image acquisition and display as well as image processing and operational control of the complex pattern. In this processes, it was included some key step such as selecting the partition, the image pre-processing, image conversion, and image parameters analysis and image defect detection. Firstly, the image registration area was automatically selected according to the regional characteristics of the printed complex image pattern, and then the system was achieved to perform the fast image registration based on the shape of the graph matching algorithm. At last, the system was used area pixel calculation algorithm to complete the defect detection of the printed image to ensure the quality of the printed complex pattern on the cloth. The experimental results were shown that the proposed method was selected the image registration-area automatically from the printed complex image pattern of the cloth. However, the methods were finished by the image registration of the defective detection as quickly, precisely and effectively. According to the research, the system has been found high measurement accuracy as well as efficiency, and it was met the needs of actual production, provided a new way for the printed image quality measurements of the cloths.

Cite this article as: Abdullah-Al-Mamun, Rocky Chakma;  Printed complex image quality checking for fabric-cloth;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 235-246

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Wan Ming, Qurat ul Ain Rashid
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 216-234
Abstract: In last twenty years, reforms in public management have become a significant subject in several developing and developed countries. Previous studies have tried to assess the implementation of NPM in several aspects like effectiveness, change and improvement. The aim of this study is to empirically examine the direct influence of management style/support, decentralization, accountability and environmental characteristics (socio, political and bureaucratic) as moderator on the direct relationship between key NPM constructs and perceived organizational performance. The quantitative data was collected from public sector from Pakistan through a structured questionnaire (n = 453). The data was analysed through AMOS 23.0. The results indicated the significance for the adoption of NPM in the public sector of Pakistan. The results of this study also confirm the need of ‘modernization’ amongst policy-makers and public service managers. The results also confirm that the adoption of management style/support from private sector in public sector could be more effective than traditional. Moreover, this study highlights that over-politicization of the public sector is considered as negative trend towards the adoption of NPM reforms in public sector organizations. The findings of this study will helpful for managers to develop appropriate strategies to improve public sector performance in developing countries.

Cite this article as: Wan Ming, Qurat ul Ain Rashid;  Examining the role of NPM practices in a developing country perspective : a study from Pakistan;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 216-234

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Sudipta Roy,ARM Luthful Kabir,Rahat Bin Habib,Mahmuda Hassan,Hamidur Rahman, Taslim Uddin Ahmed,Kazi Selim Anwar, Md. Ahasan Ali4, Fouzia Sultana
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 208-215
Abstract: Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a rare congenital pulmonary malformation and it is characterized by hyperinflation of one or more lobes of the lungs. The disease is usually encountered in infants aged less than 6 months. Here we are reporting a case of 9 years old boy whose diagnosis was made as CLE at 8th month. The boy had respiratory distress since neonatal period. CLE was suspected on the basis of clinical presentations and persistent hyper-lucent area in left lung herniating into the right on serial chest X-ray(CXR). Lobectomy was performed and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of CLE.

Cite this article as: Sudipta Roy,ARM Luthful Kabir,Rahat Bin Habib,Mahmuda Hassan,Hamidur Rahman, Taslim Uddin Ahmed,Kazi Selim Anwar, Md. Ahasan Ali4, Fouzia Sultana;  A Case Report on Congenital Lober Emphysema(CLE);  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 208-215

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Fatima Batool
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 186-207
Abstract: In developing countries, feeble environmental regulatory institutions regularly undermine ordinary summon and-control policies. Accordingly, these nations are progressively trying different things with elective methodologies that intend to produce new gauges for the health harm of air pollution over a 13-year plan and age, from 2017 to 2030. The Chinese government defines required objectives of reduction of emission and decrease of energy in its thirteenth Five-Year Plan period, green belt activities and 2030 sustainable development goals. This investigation utilizes China to demonstrate the health impacts of air pollution and health advantages coming about because of different air pollution control situations in China, outline how policies and measures have been actualized by and by in the region as a reaction to the National Environmental Five Year Plan issued by the central government and show how the different reactions have added to meeting targets.

Cite this article as: Fatima Batool;  Air Pollution Control Policies in China;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 186-207

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Shah Md. Ariful Islam, Md. Amirul Islam, Ashraf Uddin Ahmed, Md. Atikuzzamman, Md. Rafiqul Islam
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 177-185
Abstract: Experiments were carried out to search for resistant source(s) and chemicals controlling stemphylium blight disease of lentil at Plant Pathology Division, Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute, Joydebpur, Gazipur during the period of September 2013 to April 2014. The experimental design was RCBD in field condition having three replications. Eleven lentil test entries along with 2 check variety BARI masur1 and BARI masur7 were evaluated. Altogether 6 fungicides i.e. Rovral 80WP (Iprodione, 0.2%), Secure 600 WG (Fenamidone+ Mancozeb, 0.1%), Nativo (Tebuconazole+Trifloxystobin, 0.2%), CM 75WP (Carbendazim+ Mancozeb 0.2%), Dimox 35 (Dimathomorph+Cymoxonil, 0.05%) and Vita Flo 200 FF (Carboxin +Thiram, 0.05%) were evaluated along with a control. The minimum disease score (1.0) was recorded in Rovral 80 WP treated plot and the highest disease score (4.0) was counted in control plot. Among the six fungicides Rovral 80 WP from the iprodione group gave the best performance in respect of plant height (35.50 cm), number of branch per plant (8.33), number of pod per plant (36.67), number of seed per pod (1.98), thousand seed weight (18.50 g) and grain yield (1280 kg/ha).

Cite this article as: Shah Md. Ariful Islam, Md. Amirul Islam, Ashraf Uddin Ahmed, Md. Atikuzzamman, Md. Rafiqul Islam;  Efficacy of fungicides against Stemphylium blight disease of lentil under field condition;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 177-185

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Marshall Irby
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 147-155
Abstract: This research paper explores the Global Initiative presented by the United Nations in regards to human trafficking being managed on an international alongside intranational implementations of laws. Globalization and poverty have had a fundamental impact on the world, specifically Southeast Asia. Women, children and sex labor workers have felt the grunt of most policies like the “Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children.” Theorized is how these protocols and laws will exacerbate the problem are expounded and solutions are presented.

Cite this article as: Marshall Irby;  Woman and Child Trafficking and Its Social Implications in Southeast Asian Countries;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 147-155

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Shah Zubayer Abdullah, Mahadi Hasan Miraz, Li Yibin, Shah Asif Abdullah, Tanjila Salwa
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 139-146
Abstract: Integrative logistics in SCM is and will continue to be a crucial and topical issue to come in Maritime Port Logistics in China. Because of the mass customization, globalization and e-commerce trends, worldwide logistics management has got more importance in business operations. In this perspective, the costing of transportation has become more important in accounting than cost of sold goods. Furthermore, Integrative Logistics in SCM remains relevant as new policies by administrations often generate new feelings, sentiments, needs and expectations in Maritime Port Logistics Chain which makes it imperative to further explore and investigate the research. The aim of this paper is to show, what is the Maritime port logistics chain and how integration works in supply chain for Maritime port logistics chain. To detect the major functions that influence the logistics performance of the port system, the authority of port has a magnificent role, communicating with the stakeholders involved in international trade logistics, such as exporters, importers, logistics operators, customs agents, inland carriers, and shipping lines.

Cite this article as: Shah Zubayer Abdullah, Mahadi Hasan Miraz, Li Yibin, Shah Asif Abdullah, Tanjila Salwa;  Conceptual Framework of Integrative Logistics in Supply Chain Management for Maritime Port Logistics Chain;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 139-146

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Farzana Rahman, M.A. Rahim, M. M. Hossain
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 130-138
Abstract: The experiment was conducted to observe the growth, yield and pest infestation in cabbage. The experiment was conducted with three different treatments viz. PEN without pesticides; no PEN with pesticides and No PEN no pesticides (control) and six varieties of cabbage namely Atlas-70, KY-Cross, Green coronet, Red Queen, Lourels and Noresh-101. The growth, yield and pest infestation had significant variation with varieties and different treatments. The maximum plant height (40.15 cm), maximum diameter of head (19.53 cm), maximum marketable yield (55.09 ton/ha) were observed from PEN without pesticides; whereas the minimum plant height (38.0 cm), minimum diameter of head (19.33 cm), minimum marketable yield (39.56 ton/ha) were observed from control treatment. The minimum pest infestation in plants (8.33), minimum total weight (1.65 kg) of cabbage, minimum fresh weight (1.26 kg), minimum loose leaves number (12.52), minimum weight of loose leaves (0.39 kg), minimum head thickness (13.23 cm) were also observed from T1. On the other hand, the maximum plant infestation number (26.78) was recorded from T3 and maximum total weight (1.73 kg) of cabbage, maximum fresh weight of head (1.32 kg), maximum number of loose leaves (13.69), maximum weight of loose leaves (0.41 kg) per plant, maximum head diameter (13.49 cm) were recorded from T2. Some varieties show significant difference in case of infestation and individual weight of cabbage. The number of infested plant and the head infestation percentage were the lowest in Noresh-101 but the individual cabbage weight and total marketable yield were the highest in Atlas-70 under PEN without pesticides.

Cite this article as: Farzana Rahman, M.A. Rahim, M. M. Hossain;  Performance of Pest Exclusion Net (PEN) on The Growth, Yield and Pest Infestation in Cabbage;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 130-138

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Titki Djoal Tarassoum, Angélica Augusto Lovane
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 114-129
Abstract: The performance of green bean plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under different soil treatment methods was assessed in a field experiment conducted on the campus of Escola Superior de Desenvolvimento Rural (ESUDER) in Vilanculos. The experiment consisted of a randomized block design with three treatments (CM-Conventional Method of soil preparation, CMM-Conventional Method of soil preparation with a mulch cover, and DPM-Direct Planting Method) in four (4) replications. Seed germination, plant height and bean pod production were determined for each soil treatment. Seedling emergence was observed at eight (8), ten (10) and twelve (12) days after sowing (DAS) under MCM, MC and DPM, respectively, and the maximum plant height was recorded 49 DAS in all treatments. Plant height was higher under CMM until at about 35 DAS, but was similar under the CM and CMM thereafter. However, the average growth rate was higher under the CM. The number of bean pods produced per plant was higher under the CM, while the length of pods was similar under the CM and CMM. The different methods of soil preparation had no significant effect (P>0.05) on green bean pod weight, and the total yield of bean pods. Therefore, the CMM provided a better environment for seed germination, but the added mulch cover had no effect on plant growth rate and on production of green bean pods. The authors wish to thank Celio Alho, Edna Chicico, Edson deBrito and Nilza Guambe for their assistance in soil preparation and data collection Resumo: O desempenho do feijão-verde (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) sob métodos diferentes de preparo do solo foi avaliado em um experimento no campo da Escola Superior de Desenvolvimento Rural (ESUDER) em Vilanculos, utilizando-se o delineamento de blocos completos causalizados, com três tratamentos do solo (Método de preparo do solo Convencional -MC, Método de preparo do solo Convencional com Mulching - MCM, e Método de Plantio Direto - MPD), e quatro (4) repetições. Para cada tratamento, foram realizadas avaliações da germinação de sementes, altura das plantas, e a produção de vagens verdes. Foi observado a emergência das mudas das plantas oito (8), deis (10) e doze (12) dias após semear (DDS) em tratamentos MCM, MC e DPM, respetivamente, e a altura máxima das plantas ocorreu 49 após o semear, em todos os tratamentos. A altura das plantas foi maior sob CMM ate 35 DAS mas era semelhante sob CM e CMM depois disso. Porem a taxa de crescimento foi maior sob CM que resulto também em maior número de vagens verdes per planta. O comprimento de vagens de vagem era maior sob os métodos convencionais (MC e MCM), mais as variáveis peso e produtividade de vagens verdes não foram significativamente influenciado (P> 0,05) pelos diferentes métodos de preparo de solo usados no presente estudo. Conclui-se que a adição do mulching no método convencional de preparo do solo proveu um ambiente melhor para germinação de sementes, mas não tive efeito na taxa de crescimento do feijoeiro e na produtividade de vagens verdes. Os autores desejam agradecer Célio Alho, Edna Chicico, o Edson deBrito e Nilza Guambe para a ajuda deles na preparação do solo e coleção de dados.

Cite this article as: Titki Djoal Tarassoum, Angélica Augusto Lovane;  Effects of Different Soil Treatment Methods on the Performance of Green Bean Plants (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) II Efeitos de diferentes Métodos de Preparo do Solo no Desempenho da Cultura do feijão-verde (Phaseolus vulgaris L.).;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 114-129

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Debajani Chakraborty, Debasree Chakraborty
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 109-113
Abstract: The wage rate is increasing year to year in all sectors of Bangladesh.The highest wage rate was in manufacturing industry and lowest was in fisheries.The highest and lowest percentage change was 67 % and 4 % in manufacturing industry, 32 % and 7 % in construction sector, 21 % and 8 % in agriculture sector and 16 % and 3 % in fisheries sector respectively.

Cite this article as: Debajani Chakraborty, Debasree Chakraborty;  Labor Wage of Bangladesh;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 109-113

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Muhammad Bilal, Akhlaq Ahmad, Bismillah Shah, Atiq Ur Rahman, Javed Iqbal, Abdul Jalal, Ali Shan, Shehryar Khan
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 96-108
Abstract: Higher application of nitrogen (N) increase cost of production and pollute underground water due to leaching of N. The aim of this study was to assess the influence of reduced N and sulfur (S) on wheat. Five reduced levels of N (10, 20 , 30, 40, 50%) along with recommended N (120 kg N ha-1) and control ( 0 kg N ha-1) and two S levels (15 and 30 kg ha-1) were applied in 2014. S was applied as 100% to soil or 50% soil + 50% foliar at boot stage. 20% reduced N (90 kg N ha-1) produced more leaf area tiller-1 (LA), leaf area index (LAI), crop growth rate (CGR) and biomass compared with other treatments. S @ 30 kg ha-1 resulted in more LA, LAI, CGR and BM than 15 kg S ha-1. S application as 50% soil + 50% foliar performed better than 100% soil application. 20% reduced N, 30 kg S ha-1 applied as 50% soil + 50% foliar is recommended for enhancing growth attributes of wheat.

Cite this article as: Muhammad Bilal, Akhlaq Ahmad, Bismillah Shah, Atiq Ur Rahman, Javed Iqbal, Abdul Jalal, Ali Shan, Shehryar Khan;  Reduced Nitrogen Enhance Growth, Leaf Profile and Biomass of Wheat Through Proper Management, Soil And Foliar Sulfur Application in Alkaline Soil of Semiarid Region;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 96-108

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Prof. Zhu Mao Chun, Agboifo Edmond Omenonye, Benjamin Chris Ampimah
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 78-95
Abstract: Travelling through time is what we do on our everyday world in different means that could be walking, running sailing, cycling, flying, etc. when we do this we tend not to notice the effect because it’s on a small scale, since the age of nine down through my primary, secondary to my present state I have wondered how and why our universe is like this. The whole idea of my publication is to through lights on the massive doubts of we humans that time travel is possible through various means, as I will explain on the body of my presentation.

Cite this article as: Prof. Zhu Mao Chun, Agboifo Edmond Omenonye, Benjamin Chris Ampimah;  Mathematical Universe;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 78-95

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Atiq Ur Rahman, Bismillah Shah, Akhlaq Ahmad, Javed Iqbal
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 68-77
Abstract: An antibiotic resistance is a problem which has overwhelmed the whole world. Theresistant achieved by a bacterium may be attained through genetic change in chromosomes or plastids. One of the species of bacteria notorious for antibiotics resistance is Escherichia coli. E.coli is a gram-negative bacterium which is present everywhere, therefore in the present study, this bacterium was collected from different patients admitted in two hospitals of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan namely, Khyber Teaching Hospital (KTH) and Hayatabad Medical Complex (HMC). Our current work was designed to determine the susceptibility of E.coli to different antibiotics. All the collected samples were cultured using Mueller-Hinton agar media. Activity of different antibiotics was assayed against all the collected samples. The antibiotics used were Tazobactum (Tzp110), Ciprofloxacin (Cip5), Ceftriaxone (Cro30), Aztrionam (Atm30),Amoxicillin (Amc30) and Ceftazidime (Caz30). From the zone of growth inhibition the activity of pre-mentioned antibiotics were determined. The result revealed that Tzp was the most effective antibiotic among the tested samples. Cip and Amc were the second and third most effective drugs respectively.

Cite this article as: Atiq Ur Rahman, Bismillah Shah, Akhlaq Ahmad, Javed Iqbal;  Investigation of Anti-Microbial Susceptibility of Clinically Isolated Escherichia coli;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 68-77

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Raqibul Hassan, Xiande Fang
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 60-67
Abstract: Heat exchange is key methods of vitality transport, vitality discussion, vitality protection, and vitality the executives in the nature and numerous applications, for example, heat exchangers, warm vitality stockpiling frameworks, gas turbines, air ships, and human body. Thermodynamic investigation is fundamental for different fields of physical science and for science, concoction designing, advanced plane design, mechanical building, cell science, biomedical building, and materials science and is valuable in different fields, for example, financial aspects. Warmth exchange concerns the age, use, transformation, and trade of warm vitality and warmth between physical frameworks. Warmth exchange is ordinarily ordered into warm conduction, warm convection, warm radiation, and exchange of vitality by stage changes. As a rule, it is hard to acquire investigative arrangements of thermodynamic and warmth exchange issues, and numerical demonstrating and examination are turning into an amazing asset in related regions. Countless and computational procedures are created for demonstrating and breaking down thermodynamic framework and warmth exchange process. A lot of the writing was distributed, and maybe significantly more is accessible as grouped work with the business on this significant subject. This review article centers around the most recent headways in thermodynamics and heat exchange.

Cite this article as: Raqibul Hassan, Xiande Fang;  Numerical Modeling Techniques Focus on Heat Exchanger Modeling;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 60-67

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Pandey Pratap, Jha Ritesh Kumar, Shrestha Arjun Kumar
3, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 01-13
Abstract: The research entitled “Influence of ethephon on vegetative character, flowering behaviour and sex expression of cucumber in Pokhara, Lekhnath, Kaski” was conducted in Kaski, Nepal during 11th January, 2017 to 15th April, 2018. Bhaktapur Local variety of cucumber was used under study as it is popular among farmers. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with 4 replication and 5 treatments (four different doses of ethephon @ 200 ppm, @ 300 ppm, @ 400 ppm and @ 600 ppm as well as (water spraying) as control. Spraying was done twice, the 1st at true two leaf stage and the second at four true leaf stage. It was observed that all the doses of ethephon reduced the plant height compared to control. Ethephon @ 400 ppm and @ 600 ppm produced significantly higher number of nodes per plant than control. The number of primary branches increases with increasing dose of ethephon.Ethephon @ 600 ppm produced 7.72 nodes more as compared to control.Ethephon @ 600 ppm produced female flowers at the lowest node and male flowers at the uppermost node as compared to other treatments. Ethephon @ 400 ppm resulted in earlier female flowering (3.68 days sooner compared to control). Ethephon @ 600 ppm delayed the appearance of first male flower by 3 days as compared to control. Ethephon @ 400 ppm was found superior to other treatments for increasing total female flowers and reducing sex ratio. The total female flowers per plant was increased by 64.65% with ethephon @ 400 ppm as compared to the control. The highest sex ratio was obtained with control (3.350) while the lowest (1.262) with ethephon @ 400 ppm.

Cite this article as: Pandey Pratap, Jha Ritesh Kumar, Shrestha Arjun Kumar;  Influence of Ethephon on Vegetative Character, Flowering Behaviour and Sex Expression of Cucumber in Pokhara Lekhnath, Kaski;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 01-13

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Abbas Khan, Javed Iqbal2, Fida Muhammad Abbasi, Bismillah Shah, Attiq Ur Rahman, Akhlaq Ahmad
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 51-59
Abstract: The present study was designed to evaluate the different morphological traits of rice germplasm. The experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with 19 rice genotypes replicated 3 times during 2014 at NTHRI, Shinkyari, Pakistan. Nine plants per plot were selected randomly to record the important agro morphological data viz. Plant height, no of tillers, panicle length, primary branches and secondary branches per panicle, flag leaf length, flag leaf width, filled grains, unfilled grains, thousand grain weight, and grain yield per plant, grain shape and grain size. All the recorded data were analyzed through SPSS 16.0 and Statistix 8.1. The results revealed that the vegetative growth attributes i.e. plant height, number of tellers, were significantly affected in line 4 (162.6 cm) and JP-5 (19), respectively. Whereas primary branches and secondary branches of rice plant were increased in line 150 (24.3 and 115.6 cm), respectively. Leaf length and leaf breadth were significantly increased by line 3(3) (51.3 cm) and 3 (8) (2.5 cm), respectively. Major yield contributing attributes like panicle and grain length, grain breadth, grain length/grain breadth, 1000 grain weight, yield per plant, filled grain and un filled grain were increased in line 140 (34 cm), line 154 (8.3 mm), line 78-5 (2.7 mm), line 154 (4 mm), line 154 (35 g) line 106-13 (60 g), line 106-13 (290), line 150 (328.3), respectively.

Cite this article as: Abbas Khan, Javed Iqbal2, Fida Muhammad Abbasi, Bismillah Shah, Attiq Ur Rahman, Akhlaq Ahmad;  Evaluation of Rice (Oryza sativa) Germplasm for Some Important Agro Morphological Traits using Multi-Varivate Analysis in Mansehra, Pakistan;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 51-59

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Mintah Bright Darko , Odowa Yusuf Ahmed, Cai Xiu Jun, Wang Yi Fan
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 41-50
Abstract: We identify the expansive scope of soporific contemplations that influence the result of patients experiencing laparoscopic liver resection. Key components for great results after laparoscopic liver resection are cautious patient choice and hazard stratification, fitting checking, methods to decrease blood misfortune and transfusion, and dynamic recuperation the board. Albeit a portion of these key components are the equivalent for open liver task, there are explicit soporific contemplations of which both the careful and anesthesia groups must know to accomplish ideal patient results after laparoscopic liver resection. While novel focal points of laparoscopic liver resection commonly incorporate diminished intraoperative dying, transfusion necessities, and a lower occurrence of postoperative ascites, explicit difficulties incorporate administration of the confounded interchange between low-volume anesthesia and expanded intraabdominal weight due to pneumoperitoneum, with extra contemplations in regards to circulatory help to treat intense blood misfortune with requirement for new change at times. This article will address in detail the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative analgesic contemplations for patients experiencing laparoscopic liver resection that both the careful and anesthesia group ought to know about to improve results.

Cite this article as: Mintah Bright Darko , Odowa Yusuf Ahmed, Cai Xiu Jun, Wang Yi Fan;  Review on Anesthetic for Laparoscopic Liver Resection;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 41-50

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Subina Shrestha, Shivaraj Thapa
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 30-40
Abstract: Nepal and China, despite the difference in the size of the nation, the economy and its socio-political structure, both the countries have a common objective of conserving and flourishing the forests and forest resources of their country. Both these nations have gone through forest reforms in the past three decades and have formulated policies that suit their best interest. Although in a different scale, there has been a positive change in the forestry of China and Nepal after the forest reform in the 1980’s. But China has had remarkable accomplishments in comparison to Nepal. The reason behind this is due to the difference in management practices of these two economies, the forest policy of China being oriented towards conservation and increasing the productivity of the forest while the forest policy of Nepal being conservation oriented and emphasizing more on tackling socio-economic problems. Lastly, the major reason is the difference of national investment in these two economies. Nepal can learn from the management practices and trends of China to rehabilitate and improve the forest resources of the country. However, the question that new management practices and policy will be a success in Nepal given the political situation, socioeconomic structure and corruption can be a viable topic for future researches.

Cite this article as: Subina Shrestha, Shivaraj Thapa;  A Comparison of Forest Policies and Management Practices Between Nepal And China - An Exploratory Study;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 30-40

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 5
Fowzia Akter
2, Issue 5; May-2019
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 15-29
Abstract: Design space for fashion is newly introduced in Bangladesh which is differentiated from the other commercial complex. My research has firmly concluded that in Bangladesh, the fashion manufacturing industry is a large scale industry, which is hungry of proper services, designing, sample-making ,sample testing and workshop. Proposed as an integrated development catering to the fashion industries requirements of Bangladesh as a “one-stop-solution” which also work as a “HUB”, the project would be developed on a commercially self-sustaining. Moreover, Fashion came in to existence as an answer to those needs. In other words, which is very much needed for the development of Fashion Business and in Education in Bangladesh & particularly in this region. The global scenario of Fashion Business in a liberalized market is another propeller as the competition in quality and pricing is tough to go through. It will help to improvise the fashion as fashion institute and industry globally again of quality design intervention and price because the manufacturers especially the textile manufacturers, will be able to go for mass manufacturing The Project has been envisaged in view of the current state of fashion and related industries in Bangladesh and the integrated development would provide commercial, industrial and residential spaces. And to integrate and synergies Fashion Business with economic growth of the nation and help it to convert its dream of becoming the largest economic powerhouse of the world in near future.

Cite this article as: Fowzia Akter;  Efficient Extension of Tradition and Economy Through Designed Space for Fashion in Bangladesh;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(5) : 15-29

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