North American Academic Research

The monthly journal from TWASP 
Online ISSN: 1945-9098
Impact Factor : 1.75 (2020)

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January 2020


  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Md. Motaher Hossain, Md. Wobaidur Rob Tareq, M. Naimul Naser, Mahabuba Akther Charly, Tofael Ahmed Sumon, Gourab Chowdhury, Tasrick Araf, A. K. M. Munzurul Hasan
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 1-12; y, 2020 ; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746546
Abstract: A comparative study was conducted on changes of the livelihood status of inside and outside of Meghna Dhonagoda Irrigation project. A total of five villages with 135 households head from inside and 134 from outside the embankment were randomly selected on the study area.Due to construction of embankment, 21% fisherman of inside the embankment changed their main profession of catching fish and working as fish trader (12%), fish farmer (3%), small trader (5%) and service (1%), whereas, on the outside of the embankment only 8% of them changed as fish traders (3%) and small traders (5%). All fisherman of outside the embankment use to fish in river, while, 64% and 36% of inside the embankment fish in rivers and pubic ponds with 10-15% share as harvesting cost, respectively. Although communication and other facilities have been developed inside the embankment, in case of fisherman it shows no significance at all. Although loan and health facilities of inside fisherman is marginally higher than that of the outside fisherman (83% and 75% of inside and outside fisherman, respectively have got loan facilities from NGO, Bank and Private etc.), 80% of the outside fisherman own gears and crafts, which was much higher than that of the inside fisherman (44%).Moreover, 41% and 13% of inside and outside, respectively do not possess any crafts and gears, and fisherman from both sides appeared as landless i.e. inside (97%) and outside (100%).Therefore, the study reveals that construction of embankment is considerably changing the socio-economic condition of inside fisherman than that of the outside.

Cite this article as: Md. Motaher Hossain, Md. Wobaidur Rob Tareq, M. Naimul Naser, Mahabuba Akther Charly, Tofael Ahmed Sumon, Gourab Chowdhury, Tasrick Araf, A. K. M. Munzurul Hasan;  Comparative study on the changes of the livelihood status of fisherman community on inside and outside embankment of Meghna Dhonagoda irrigation project;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 1-12; y, 2020 ; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3746546

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
EBRAHIM ABDULRAHMAN, AL-DAKHLI ABDULLAH HAMID ABDULLAH SAIF
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 189-201; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3629946
Abstract: Foreign direct investment is considered one of the main sources of any economy. Countries seek to attract foreign direct investment flows to them. This results in the improvement of the economy, the transfer of technology and the foreign currency of the host country and the provision of employment opportunities. The Arab countries are considered to suffer from the scarcity of foreign direct investment In this study, we studied the impact of political stability and the absence of violence on direct foreign investment flows. In the wake of the waves of protests that emerged in the so-called Arab Spring. These protests turned into violent waves of violence and terrorism, which led to the low economic level of these countries, including foreign direct investment flows. Our study shows that foreign direct investment flows to Arab countries are concentrated in those countries that enjoy political stability, security and financial abundance, and are lower in poor countries and those suffering from waves of violence and political instability.

Cite this article as: EBRAHIM ABDULRAHMAN, AL-DAKHLI ABDULLAH HAMID ABDULLAH SAIF;  The impact of Political Stability and Absence of Violence/Terrorism on foreign direct investment flows in the Arab countries;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 189-201; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3629946

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Wai Wai Kyi
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 210-222; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3632120
Abstract: This study is based on the result from student questionnaire about Grade 4 Australian students’ attitudes towards science. The respondents for this study are (n=6009) students who responded to TIMSS 2015 student questionnaire and the instrument which is chosen for this study is the set of 26 items with 4-point Likert scale. This study employed exploratory factor analysis (EFA) to examine the possible smallest number of factors which are associated with the attitudes towards science; science lessons, science teachers and learning science. According to the result from exploratory factor analysis, it is suggested that 2 key factors can explain students’ attitudes towards science. The two-component solution explained a total of 53.24% of the variance, with Component 1 contributing 41.91% and Component 2 contributing 11.33% respectively. Set of items in factor 1 could be identified and labelled as “Attitudes towards learning science and confidence in science lessons” and those belongs to factor 2 can be labelled as “Attitudes towards science teacher”.

Cite this article as: Wai Wai Kyi;  Examining Factors in 2015 TIMSS Australian Grade 4 Student Questionnaire Regarding Attitudes Towards Science Using Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA);  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 210-222; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3632120

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Sow Madiou , Yong Ji Xue, Ashique Hussain , Laxmi Khanal
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) :86-106; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611652
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the role of foreign aid, climate change and investment in R&D in the agricultural productivity of Guinea. For this purpose, this study assessed the impact of two dimensions of R&D investment (i.e. R&D expenditure and R&D researches), three dimensions of foreign aid (i.e. NDA, aid effectiveness, official aid received) and three dimensions of climate change (i.e. access to electricity, CO2 emission, renewable energy consumption) on the two dimensions of agricultural productivity i.e. Agriculture Value Addition (AVA) and crop production. The 30 years’ data was collected about the current variables for Guinea and the time series analysis was performed to check the relationships. The findings of the current study showed that R&D investment has a significant and negative impact on crop production but does not have a significant impact on AVA. Furthermore, the results showed that RDR has a significant positive impact on AVA, but it does not have significant impact on crop production. The impacts of ATC and REC on crop production as well as AVA are significant and positive. Furthermore, only one dimension of foreign aid (i.e. official aid received) showed a significant and positive impact on AVA however, there was no significant impact on crop production caused by any of the dimensions of foreign aid.

Cite this article as: Sow Madiou , Yong Ji Xue, Ashique Hussain , Laxmi Khanal;  Impact on agricultural productivity in Guinea of R&D Investment, Foreign Aid and Climate Change;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) :86-106; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611652

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Makhmadnazar Firdavsi, Hashim Ali, Arshad Saleem, Professor Guo Shu Yong, Professor Yang Chang
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 147-161; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3627740
Abstract: Tajikistan is currently actively promoting the implementation of “Silk Road Economic Belt Initiative” to stimulate the development of the nation’s economy, which has created a favorable trade cooperation environment for Tajikistan and China. Under the boosting of “Silk Road Economic Belt Initiative”, the two countries will hopefully form a comprehensive strategic cooperative partnership. Although Tajikistan’s economy and infrastructure to some extent lags behind other central Asian countries, it has abundant mineral and hydraulic resources that compensate for China’s deficiency in economic cooperation. Besides, Tajikistan has unique geographical and cultural environment that makes it the “outpost” in guarding regional security as well as the unstable factor in constructing “Silk Road Economic Belt Initiative”. For this reason, the analysis of the categories and causes of Tajikistan’s security risks plays an important role in promoting “Silk Road Economic Belt Intiative”. This essay attempts to study the cause of Tajikistan’s security risks and its influence on the implementation of “Silk Road Economic Belt Initiative” by sorting out Tajikistan’s risk types and their characteristics. “Silk Road Economic Belt Initiative” has an essential significance to both China and Tajikistan, and Tajikistan’s security and stability affect its operation and effects. Based on Barry Buzan’s security theory, this essay systematically analyzes Tajikistan’s security risks during 2014-2016 with the aim to add to the theoretical system of “Silk Road Economic Belt” and guarantee the efficient implementation of “Silk Road Economic Belt Initiative”.

Cite this article as: Makhmadnazar Firdavsi, Hashim Ali, Arshad Saleem, Professor Guo Shu Yong, Professor Yang Chang;  Security Risks Faced by Tajikistan and Its Impact on the “Silk Road Economic Belt Initiative”;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 147-161; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3627740

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Yehdhih Ahmed Bezeid
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 162-188; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3627744
Abstract: The main Objective of this paper is to analyze the effect of trade openness on Mauritanian economic growth. Thus trade openness is considered as a central and explanatory element towards convergence between countries. It turns out that international trade is one of the essential levers of the Mauritanian economy; the objective of this study was to analyze the effect of trade openness on the economic growth of Mauritania over a period from 1986 to 2016. The empirical and theoretical literature exists on this problematic but gives contradictory results. To analyze the effect of trade liberalization on growth In Mauritania, we have used the least squares (OLS) method and Vector Autoregressive (VAR) we found our data on World Bank and the Mauritanian national statistical office.The result shows that there is a positive relationship between trade openness and Mauritanian economic growth.

Cite this article as: Yehdhih Ahmed Bezeid;  Mauritanian Effect of Trade Openness on Economic Growth;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 162-188; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3627744

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Imran Ali , Naiming Lin , M.M Quazi , M. Nasir Bashir , Hammad Sadiq , Faisal Sharaf
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 138-146; : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3626448
Abstract: Laser composite surfacing technique is an emerging field of surface engineering that has been applied in automotive, aerospace and manufacturing industries. This technique provides inherent advantages of robust and localized processing. In addition, it allows for materials researchers to explore the potential combination of various materials. In this research work, laser composite surfacing of Ni-WC-TiO2 has been deposited on AA5083 wrought aluminium alloy. The microstructure, mechanical and tribological properties were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy integrated with energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy and ball on plate tribo-meter. Laser composite surfacing led to the formation of Al-Ni based intermetallic matrix phases. It was observed that the wear resistance in-terms of weight loss was improved to about 4.1 times and the friction coefficient was reduced to about 37.5 % when compared with the Al-Si substrate. The wear mechanism of the substrate was reduced from severe adhesive oxidative to that of mild abrasive.

Cite this article as: Imran Ali , Naiming Lin , M.M Quazi , M. Nasir Bashir , Hammad Sadiq , Faisal Sharaf;  Investigating the wear characteristics of metal matrix composite coating deposited on AA5083 Al-alloy by laser surface engineering technique;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 138-146; : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3626448

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Asif Safeer, Dr. Mohammad Asim, Mr. Salman Manzoor
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 117-137; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3626428
Abstract: The analysis in the research is directed towards identifying the factors that contribute towards increase in logistic costs within manufacturing industry of Pakistan. The elements that have been highlighted as positively associated in this regard include lack of information sharing, warehousing, delays and the choice of vehicle. The results were obtained through the data collected from the managers of the organizations through survey. Sample of 50 managers was used to complete the survey. The statistical techniques such as regression and correlation were applied to test the relationship between the relevant variables.

Cite this article as: Asif Safeer, Dr. Mohammad Asim, Mr. Salman Manzoor;  Analyzing the factors that affect to increase logistics costs in Pakistan;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 117-137; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3626428

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Jyoti Bhandati , Dhruba Bijaya G.C., Can Li
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 107-116; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611905
Abstract: Pinus wallichiana forest is the most important vegetation type in Mustang, Nepal, with a significant potential to mitigate climate change issues through carbon storage. However, little is known about the carbon stock of these pine forests, particularly in remote areas of Nepal. Forests play an important role in regional and global carbon (C) cycles, and estimates of total carbon flux in forest systems are important for evaluating the ecological and economic benefits to local people. The aim of this study is the estimation of net carbon stock and the documentation of the effects of elevation on carbon storage in Pinus wallichina forest. Total mean carbon stock for the forest as a whole was found to be 177.09 tC ha-1 . Total forest carbon stock was significantly higher at lower elevation range of (2200 – 2500 m) as compared to middle and higher elevation ranges. Soil carbon stock was 1.33 times higher than tree biomass carbon. Further research in different climate types, soil types and forest age should be conducted for carbon storage in Pinus wallichina forests.

Cite this article as: Jyoti Bhandati , Dhruba Bijaya G.C., Can Li;  Effect of Altitude on Total Carbon Stock of Coniferous Forest (Pinus wallichiana) in Lete and Kunjo V.D.C of Mustang District, Nepal;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 107-116; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611905

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Mohammad Ahsan, Dr. Mohammad Asim, Mr. Salman Manzoor
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 65-86; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3609144
Abstract: SCM mostly is consider by the firm globally, this management mostly interlinks quality management perspective. This competitive global era does not allow the organizations to diverge when it comes to production and quality management. Reviewing an open literature about SCM it can be evaluated that quality and production management problems within and after production firm’s SC contexts are essential. SCM can supports a structural and periodic implementation of resolutions for various stages as in product summon back, late delivery of product and many more issues. This paper has address the interlinking bridge between SCM in terms of production and quality. SCM is a procedure of improving business strategies to make them more flexible, rapid and more competitive. The fundamental purpose that supply chain management exists for is to upgrade the product or maintenance and provide a competitive edge. Successful SCM involves a change in managing individual functions to integrate activities into key points of SC processes, due to which SCM expected to draw out a significant role in organization’s role play. The primary reason of this study is to study and examine the main specks that influence the organization in terms of production and quality, and also considering the tools of supply chain management to enhance this productivity and quality for the organization.

Cite this article as: Mohammad Ahsan, Dr. Mohammad Asim, Mr. Salman Manzoor;  SCM as An Effective Tool To Enhance Production And Quality In The Organization;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 65-86; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3609144

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Mizanul Hassan, Abdullah-Al-Ragib, Md. Tanvir Hossain, Sazaul Morshed Sazib, Muhammad Zukaul Islam
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 1-14; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611649
Abstract: This research study accomplished to explore the antioxidant activity as well as cytotoxicity assessment like brine shrimp lethality bioassay of distinct fractions of Randia dumetorum stem extract.

Cite this article as: Mizanul Hassan, Abdullah-Al-Ragib, Md. Tanvir Hossain, Sazaul Morshed Sazib, Muhammad Zukaul Islam;  Evaluation of antioxidant activity and brine shrimp lethality bioassay of Randia dumetorum stem extract;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 1-14; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3611649

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Kashif Abbasi, Kangjuan Lv , Muhammad Asif Nadeem , Arman Khan , Rabia Shaheen
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 21-46; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3604943
Abstract: For the upcoming years, Pakistan’s electricity consumption forecasts estimated to exceed electricity generation capacities. In this study we explore the causal relationship between electricity consumption (EC), electricity price (EP), and real GDP at the various sectors, and general level from the period 1970 – 2018 in Pakistan, by using Johansen Cointegration test and Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The following determinants selected, such as EC, EP, GDP, other electricity consumption (OEC), and urbanization population growth (UPG) from agricultural and manufacturing sectors. The outcomes indicate that there is a constant long-run relationship exist in agricultural and manufacturing sector. While short-run causality also supports the hypothesis in both sectors. These results support the hypothesis and indicate that electricity consumption, price, and economic growth in Pakistan spurs, but not the other way around. Moreover, the research findings could be beneficial for policymakers, as well as electricity management to strengthen the long-lasting economic policies.

Cite this article as: Kashif Abbasi, Kangjuan Lv , Muhammad Asif Nadeem , Arman Khan , Rabia Shaheen;  Agricultural and Manufacturing Sector Determinants of Electricity Consumption, Price, and Real GDP from Pakistan;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 21-46; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3604943

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  Volume: 3 Issue: 1
Md Nahiduzzaman, Mst Suraiya Farzana, Barua Chapal, Zakaria, Md Tanvir Hayat2
3, Issue 1; January-2020 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 01-20; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3604515
Abstract: This paper proposes a method to accurately locate the source of product quality drift in a flexible manufacturing system (FMS). Based on the relationship between fault sources, a fault propagation mechanism in the production process is proposed to explain fault propagation after production. Logic diagnostic models are used to reduce the search space for suspicious equipment in the production process; however, this does not help to accurately locate the faulty equipment. In the proposed method, we model this reduced search space as a Bayesian network, which uses historical data to calculate the conditional probability of each suspicious device. This method helps to make accurate decisions to locate the cause of product quality drift, whether it is one of the devices in the production process or the product itself

Cite this article as: Md Nahiduzzaman, Mst Suraiya Farzana, Barua Chapal, Zakaria, Md Tanvir Hayat2;  Diagnosis of Complex System in Mechanical with Multiple Failure Sources;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 3(1) : 01-20; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3604515

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