North American Academic Research

The monthly journal from TWASP 
Online ISSN: 1945-9098
Impact Factor : 1.75 (2020)

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January 2019


  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Fatima Batool, Huma Pervez
Volume 1, Issue 2; January - 2018
2019 : 2(1) : 108-123
Abstract: The OBOR health exchange and cooperation, to fabricate the Health Silk Road. Blockchain technology is advancing toward the healthcare industry, and this is just the start. At this point, most healthcare associations perceive that blockchain could extraordinarily diminish the time, expenses and risk related with how they operate. In this paper, we depict a decentralized individual information the executives framework that guarantees clients possess and control their information. We actualize a convention that transforms a blockchain into a robotized get to control supervisor that does not require trust in an outsider. We will also examine the Blockchain Based Digital HealthCare OBOR Policy Framework which is included at extending health and related people-to-people exchanges, safeguarding health security, promoting health development, strengthening cooperation on health related innovation to improve people's health and well-being, enhancing social cohesion and inclusiveness. At the end we will also discuss the expected outcomes, result and future directions on it.

Cite this article as: Fatima Batool, Huma Pervez;  Blockchain Based Digital Health Care OBOR Polices Framework;  2019 : 2(1) : 108-123

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Gideon Kumi, Lucy Anning
Volume 1, Issue 2; January - 2018
2019 : 2(1) : 103-107
Abstract: Political commitment to African continental unity is undoubtedly one of the most outstanding legacies ever there is. Kwame Nkrumah was a visionary Pan-Africanist who dreamt of a united, prosperous Africa thus the concept of Continental Union Government for Africa all in an attempt to give Africa a visibility and importance even if in the negative sense. Nkrumah was one of several leading radical Pan-Africanists of the 1960s.

Cite this article as: Gideon Kumi, Lucy Anning;  Opinion : One Africa, Nkrumah’s Legacy Continued;  2019 : 2(1) : 103-107

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Anila Yasmin, Riffat Iqbal , Sara Batool Syed, Amna Bibi
Volume 1, Issue 2; January - 2018
2019 : 2(1) : 92-102
Abstract: The present study aims to review and analyze the concept of justice and rationality and their relationship that how justice and rationality play a significant role for the establishment of any culture and society. The relationship of both elaborated with special reference to Alasdair Macintyre’s famous work “Whose Justice, Which Rationality” in which he presents an historical overview of justice and rationality. Professor Macintyre argued that there is no tradition-neutral origin of practical rationality that can be used to resolve disagreements about justice. Through an examination of four philosophical traditions, he argues that the conception of justice of each is linked to its own theory of practical rationality. He follows the progress of the Western tradition through “three different traditions:” from Homer and Aristotle to Thomas Aquinas, from Augustine to Thomas Aquinas and from Augustine to Hume. He maintains that there is no single conception of justice and rationality. Thus there are justices rather than justice and there are rationalities rather than rationality which are varying from society to society and person to person.

Cite this article as: Anila Yasmin, Riffat Iqbal , Sara Batool Syed, Amna Bibi;  An Historical Overview of Justice and Rationality by Alasdair Macintyre with Special Reference To Whose Justice Which Rationality;  2019 : 2(1) : 92-102

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Nitish Beharee, J.P. Ting Wing Yuen, Romila Gobin-Beharee, Muhammad Nabeel Dookhun, Wang Jin Hua
Volume 2, Issue 1; January-2019
2019 : 2(1) 80-91
Abstract: Women with early stage cervical cancer can either be treated with surgery or radiotherapy. However most undergo surgery. For women with stage IA2 or IB1 cervical cancer (tumors <4 cm in the greatest dimension that are confined to the cervix), radical hysterectomy is associated with high cure rates. Radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy has been the treatment of choice for patients with most types of gynecologic malignancies. In such patients, either laparotomy (open surgery) or laparoscopy (minimally invasive surgery performed with either conventional or robotic techniques) are surgical methods that are used for the treatment. Traditionally, radical hysterectomy has been performed through open surgery using a laparotomy incision. However, because of the multiple complications of the latter, the use of laparoscopy is becoming more and more popular. Despite the increasing use of laparoscopy, the laparotomy method nevertheless, is not expected to fade off, as it is the only option that can be used in cases where laparoscopy cannot be performed because of some clear and identified contraindications. Both the above mentioned methods have their own advantages and shortcomings. This review aims at exploring and objectively evaluating the use of robotic/laparoscopic surgery in the management of gynecologic malignancies. The main focus of this review is surgery duration, amount of blood loss, recovery period and post-operative complications of robotic/laparoscopic aided surgeries as compared to laparotomy.

Cite this article as: Nitish Beharee, J.P. Ting Wing Yuen, Romila Gobin-Beharee, Muhammad Nabeel Dookhun, Wang Jin Hua;  The Use of Advanced and Modern Surgical Techniques in Gynecologic Malignancies – Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgeries vs Laparotomy;  2019 : 2(1) 80-91

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Yonghui Li, Jerry Mireku Afful, Basil Kusi
Volume 2, Issue 1; January-2019
2019 : 2(1) 66-79
Abstract: Africa, the continent with the most sovereign countries of 54, the second largest and the second most populous continent should be boasting of success if numbers and size matter. A continent with the youngest population boasting of a vibrant youth should have a working force to turn the fortunes of the continent around but things seem to be the other way round. Can Africa make it? Can Africa rise to the level it is supposed to be? Can Africa turn the tides to its favour? How true is Dr Kwame Nkrumah’s assertion that “the Black man is capable of managing his own affairs”? An African adage goes, “The best time to plant a tree is twenty years ago. The second best time is now”. This sheds light on how the African continent missed its first time to plant its tree of manufacturing, technological development and industrialization and that now is the opportune time for its deliverance from the shackles it finds itself bound.

Cite this article as: Yonghui Li, Jerry Mireku Afful, Basil Kusi;  The Frontier’s Frontier: Africa, Now or Never;  2019 : 2(1) 66-79

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Diana Alyoussef
Volume 2, Issue 1; January-2019
2019 : 2(1) 54-62
Abstract: The role of conscious and unconscious processes in second language learning is one of the problems under dispute in applied linguistics. It is argued : the Role of Consciousness in Second Language Learning , that the notion of consciousness is both useful and possibly necessary in second language learning. Conscious processes are important in second language learning, but unconscious processes should not be neglected in language comprehension and production, both of which contribute to second language learning. He concludes that much more research is needed on learners’ noticing, which becomes intake when combined with input, on incidental learning, on implicit learning, and on what learners are conscious of as they learn a second language. The argument on the role of conscious and unconscious processes in SLL will last and needs more research. This theory lays a new theoretical foundation for constructing the theories of foreign language learning, and provides the theoretical support for renewing teaching ideas, improving teaching methods and learning strategies in English teaching and learning of China. However, whether and how the Noticing Hypothesis and L2 conscious processes are appropriate for English language education in China deserves more discussion and research.

Cite this article as: Diana Alyoussef;  A Psycho-linguistic Study of the Role of Consciousness in Language Acquisition;  2019 : 2(1) 54-62

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Md. Ishaq Majumder
Volume 2, Issue 1; January-2019
2019 : 2(1) 45-53
Abstract: There is no other alternative to make the criminal justice system meaningful and trustworthy to the people without ensuring speedy and fair-smooth trail of justice. Delay plagues the administration of justice in Bangladesh at each level of the judiciary. Such backlog seems to be chronic in all district courts & Supreme courts that serve the country millions of population. Justice delayed is justice denied. This common maxim has become hackneyed and a large number of people in Bangladesh are affected by this pervasive problem directly or indirectly. The study is an effort to identify the multiple reasons which cause backlogs in criminal cases in the criminal trial system and find out a few ways to deliver a fair, speedy, accessible, affordable, equitable and trusted outcomes for the Criminal trail System in Bangladesh.

Cite this article as: Md. Ishaq Majumder;  Delay In Criminal Cases of Bangladesh: A Critical Analysis;  2019 : 2(1) 45-53

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Monira Sultana, Md. Shahabul Haque
Volume 2, Issue 1; January-2019
2019 : 2 (1) : 31-44
Abstract: Education for sustainable development is significant for touching countries to a sustainable future. Education for sustainable development is the utilize of education as a tool to get sustainability. As a developing country, Bangladesh has many differences in curriculum, teacher- student ratio, school environment, teachers’ qualification and the health and nutritional status among the population. Education has been declared as the human right for almost half a century and it is important to ensure quality education for the developments of the nations of the developing countries. Formal education system offers education for all but still it is far from being universally available to all the citizens of Bangladesh. Still our education system is facing serious problems and challenges in advancing the basic education for our young and adults. Bangladesh is facing challenges in eliminating illiteracy; these challenges imitate both the inadequate school enrollment of the children and the incompatible quality of their education. Conventional education system could not improve high mortality index, low literacy rate and poor productivity of the nation. Non-formal education can be the best alternative to increase the literacy. The people of Bangladesh have been suffering for the insufficient infrastructure, less availability of technology transfer and socio–economic insolvency. Non-formal education has been considered as the most practical and determining mode of education. Outside the formal education, non formal education has been included as a wider spectrum of educational and training activities.

Cite this article as: Monira Sultana, Md. Shahabul Haque;  Non-Formal Education For Sustainable Development In Bangladesh: A Study;  2019 : 2 (1) : 31-44

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Sujit Kumar Datta, Tumpa Paul
Volume 2, Issue 1; January-2019
2019 : 2 (1) : 13-30
Abstract: This paper will discuss the history and evaluation of world order from Westphalia to new world order. It also explores China’s search for its place in the world, in the midst of global power transitions from the West to the East, from traditional powers to rising powers, and from the U.S. to China. In these relative power shifts, what are China’s challenges? What is its purpose? What is its vision? And what is its fate? The paper argues that, in an increasingly multipolar world where China begins to assert itself and to challenge the existing order, other countries have to cope with a rising China, just as China needs to live with a hegemonic U.S.

Cite this article as: Sujit Kumar Datta, Tumpa Paul;  World Order: A Brief Analysis from Westphalia to New World Order in the 21st Century;  2019 : 2 (1) : 13-30

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  Volume: 2 Issue: 1
Bhupati Neupane, Junmeng Zhao, Sanjev Dhakal
Volume 2, Issue 1; January-2019
2019 : 2 (1) : 01-12
Abstract: This research presents a number of facts dealing with tectonic influences to climatic change and its impacts on mountain environments. Asian climates are affected significantly by the extent and height of the Himalayan mountains and the Tibetan plateau Uplift, which began after 55–50 Ma, and further significant uplifement occurred on the Tibetan plateau about 7–8 Myr ago or more recently. However, it is more challenging to estimate the significant impact of climate during the mountain building process (Himalayan tectonics).Intense precipitation (or glaciations) has been largely affected by zones of rapid rock-uplift in the numerous mountain ranges. The Greater Himalayan region holds the largest mass of ice outside Polar Regions, which are the major source of the 10 largest rivers in Asia. Triggered by climate changes, increase in erosion rate, which expected the glacier avalanches, landslides, and slope instability and outburst floods (GLOF) from moraine- and glacier-dammed lakes. A common understanding of climate change influences by the tectonics in the Himalayan regions needs to be developed through regional and local-scale research, increased regional collaboration in scientific research and policy making so that the mitigation and adaptation strategies can be identified and implemented.

Cite this article as: Bhupati Neupane, Junmeng Zhao, Sanjev Dhakal;  Tectonics Influence The Climate Change In The Himalayan Orogenic Belt;  2019 : 2 (1) : 01-12

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