North American Academic Research

The monthly journal from TWASP 
Online ISSN: 1945-9098
Impact Factor : 1.75 (2020)

  • photo
  • photo

December 2019


  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Raymond Achengkwoa Kaburi, Kojo Donkor Taale, Victor Antwi
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 249-371; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3593562
Abstract: This research work sought to improve the conceptual understanding of students

Cite this article as: Raymond Achengkwoa Kaburi, Kojo Donkor Taale, Victor Antwi;  USING HANDS-ON ACTIVITIES TO IMPROVE THE CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS IN ELECTRICAL CIRCUITS;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 249-371; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3593562

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 239    Total Downloaded: 63

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Deepak Gautam, Suman Bhattarai, Rajesh Sigdel , Catherine Mhae B. Jandug, Abdullah Mujahid , Dhruba Bijaya G.C
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 82-91; : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3568477
Abstract: Climatic variability with temperature increase is serious concern for wetland resource management and regulates the benefits. Key informant interview (n=5), focus group discussion (n=4) and household survey (n=60) were undertaken to appraise the local experience regarding status of wetland resources with climatic variability. Local households were stratified and chosen close settlement as respondents for the study. Meteorological data from 1979 to 2009 were used to analyze climatic trends where least-squares curve fitting technique was used to appraise trend. We observed both maximum mean temperature and minimum mean temperature have been annually increasing with the rate of 0.0490C and 0.0400C respectively, where overall temperature was found to be increased at the rate of 0.0450C annually. The mean maximum temperature was recorded ever the highest 280C in 2009, and seasonal maximum and minimum temperature trend of the winter was higher (0.051 and 0.067), which can be perceived as indication of global warming. The annual precipitation trend was increasing but Monsoon and winter precipitation was found to be decreasing, which directly affects wetland resource and agricultural productivity. Promotion of indigenous knowledge with training and education are suggested as the best option for coping the problems.

Cite this article as: Deepak Gautam, Suman Bhattarai, Rajesh Sigdel , Catherine Mhae B. Jandug, Abdullah Mujahid , Dhruba Bijaya G.C;  Climatic Variability and Wetland Resources in Rupa Lake Catchment, Nepal;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 82-91; : https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3568477

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 203    Total Downloaded: 111

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Yong Ding ; Monira Akter ; Md Mizanur Rahman
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 232-248; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3597052
Abstract: M-commerce is advanced form of traditional business. Although, the initiatives by the companies frequently upgrade their facilities to develop m-commerce, yet consumers’ adoption rates are still low in many developing countries. This study aims to investigate the factors that predict consumers’ intention to adopt and the influence of consumers' trust and social presence in m-commerce. Further examine moderating role of social presence with social influence and trust in m-commerce adoption intention. A theoretical model is integrating with the help of Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology model (UTAUT2), trust and social presence. The quantitative data is collected (n = 418) and analyzed through Partial Least Squares-Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM). The research result shows that performance expectancy, social influence, trust and social presence significantly influence the adoption intention. Social presence has interacting moderator effect on social influence, and trust. However, effort expectancy has not significantly influence on adoption in m-commerce. The findings have some theoretical enlightenment and practical implications.

Cite this article as: Yong Ding ; Monira Akter ; Md Mizanur Rahman;  Influence of Trust and social presence in m-commerce adoption intention in Bangladesh: An empirical study;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 232-248; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3597052

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 222    Total Downloaded: 129

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Laxmi Khanal
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) :220-231 ; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3593556
Abstract: Rural Nepalese communities are largely characterized by high levels of unemployment and deprivation, low level of skills but very rich in natural resources, so ecotourism is one of the potential sustainable land use that can help local communities ' economic well-being. This study examines the total income of the household in the trials routes three villages of Shivapuri Nagarjun National Parks which are directly and indirectly benefit to local communities by the national and international visitors. Data were collected 372 with the local residents. It indicates that ecotourism offers correctly available employment opportunities. Ecotourism is seen as the practice that most contributes to improving the quality of life of people inareas with increased financial and attitudinal support. By improving economic well-being, ecotourism has a high potential effect on remote communities, so it is considered better positioned for the further growth of tourism, especially ecotourism. Promoting ecotourism in these areas would encourage more participation of local communities than other activities of the household. OLS model used for the data analysis. Total income is in the dependent variable and off farm income, on farm income, livestock income, income from the selling goods and giving services are taking as independent variables.

Cite this article as: Laxmi Khanal;  Contribution of Ecotourism on household income: A study from Buffer zone of Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park, Nepal;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) :220-231 ; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3593556

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 229    Total Downloaded: 109

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Muhammd Mustafiz
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 182-195; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592540
Abstract: Advertised objects (e.g. texts, images, signs) have multidimensional meanings. Within the modern mechanisms of fashion advertising clients are being encountered by numerous adverts through walking, shopping, and overall each and every movement they do. In the light of semiotics advertisements are not solely images or written words, it has subtle meanings. Meaning may be too discontinuous and ambiguous that every time and every person will decipher those in a bunch of different forms. The term here seems much compatible with the characteristics of advertised images is Polysemy, an image entitles to many meanings at a time. Thus advertisements (e.g. rhetoric of image) create dynasty of myths over human imagination. This research will focus how consumers interpret and perceive advertisements disseminated by photographers and image designers for promoting their online products acceptance (i.e. marketing). Four advertisements will be studied based on Roland Barthes Semiotic Analysis method. Also this study integrates other semioticians’ commentaries on semiotic analysis as the study of signs including words, pictures, and nonverbal expressions as well as their interrelationships to figure out how advertisements are mostly interpreted as the ends of encouraging vulgar consumerism, sexist mindset, and overall dehumanization of our society.

Cite this article as: Muhammd Mustafiz;  Semiotic Study on Bangladeshi Clothing Brands Advertisements;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 182-195; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592540

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 549    Total Downloaded: 144

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Mohammad Aemal Nikjow MD
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 210-219; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592547
Abstract: Opium is a highly addictive non-synthetic narcotic that is extracted from the poppy plant. The opium poppy is a critical source for many drugs, including morphine, codeine, and heroin. Opium abuse creates diseases that scientists consider as part of psychiatric disorders. So opium abusers have several significant challenges during the anesthesia for surgical operations. The aim of this study is twofold: first, review of the status of problems of opium abusers in anesthesia, and second, review the clinical management problems of patients with opium abusers during anesthesia, based on the evidence in this field. During the peri-operative, these medical issues discuss the new clinical outcomes for these patients and demonstrate some of the main problems facing physicians

Cite this article as: Mohammad Aemal Nikjow MD;  Study on Opium Addiction and It is Problems During Implementing Anesthesia;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 210-219; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592547

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 195    Total Downloaded: 45

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Mohammad Saiyedul Islam, Krishna Bhowmick, Mohammad Akbar Hossen
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 196-209; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592543
Abstract: In today’s competitive business world, for surviving business needs proper branding. Branding is essential to every industry regardless of the size because it helps distinguish a company from its competitors. Product branding is not free of cost; it is tough for enterprises, especially Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) of Bangladesh, to carry out a successful product branding program through traditional marketing activities. However, social media has evolved over the last few years to become the most affordable for product branding. Nowadays, social media is among the ‘best possibilities available’ to an item to get in touch with potential customers. Social networking websites are the method to interact socially. Promoters are considering many different social media possibilities and beginning to apply new social projects at a higher rate than ever before. There is no universal product branding strategy suitable for all companies, but the appropriate one may be built according to the company goals and means. Social media, especially facebook, is becoming an excellent tool for B2C product branding. Recently booming of internet users in Bangladesh is enhancing this opportunity for all sizes of companies. They can enjoy the benefit of social media to promote the product brand cost-effectively if they overcome the current challenges. This paper discusses the ideas of social media and social media promotion, other aspects like the development and advantages, role and benefits of medial social branding, perspective, and importance of social media in publicity, social media promotion methods. It also presents an outline of social media promotion in Bangladesh.

Cite this article as: Mohammad Saiyedul Islam, Krishna Bhowmick, Mohammad Akbar Hossen;  Social Media and its impact on product branding in Bangladesh;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 196-209; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592543

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 541    Total Downloaded: 157

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Rebeka Ahmed, Asma Mehboob, Bushra Bibi
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 152-166; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592137
Abstract: This study examines the events of domestic violence and Battered Woman Syndrome (BWS), the role and influence of NGOs in BWS issues from around the world and specifically focusing on Bangladesh. Detailed researchstudies show that, these effects can vary depending on cultural and regulatory conditions. In a subsequent study,the impact of women's status on violence is highly contextual, as it depends on the degree of cultural conservatism in the region. Currently, expert testimony should explain the consequences of abuse in each case due to widespread misunderstandings and misconceptions regarding domestic violence victims in Bangladesh. Many other non-governmental organizations have adopted the grassroots approach and have established a village-level development program for the immediate need of women, as well as long-term approval. Our study shows that NGOs play a positive and important role in preventing abuses of women, which is a common phenomenon in Bangladesh, and need changes in women's protection legislation to prevent domestic violence. Bangladesh's effective non-governmental violence prevention (BWS) strategies should be incorporated both publicly through information campaigns and advertising, as well as through a community network.

Cite this article as: Rebeka Ahmed, Asma Mehboob, Bushra Bibi;  The Role and Impact of NGOs in Battered Woman Syndrome Cases : A Case Study of Bangladesh;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 152-166; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3592137

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 232    Total Downloaded: 96

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
H. Nisa Tekin, Md. Shahin Howlader, Md Nazmul Huda , Md Asaduzzaman, M. Esat Erkek
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 117-151; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3588817
Abstract: : In today's modern marketing environment, as the goods and services offered by the enterprises have a similar structure, the importance of the non-intangible and non-purchasing business assets, especially the reputation concept is increased. Recently, the perceptions of the social stakeholders about the enterprise are among the most important issues and in this context, it can be said that the brand values of the enterprises with strong corporate reputation are high. In this study, the effects of corporate reputation management practices on brand value were investigated. In this context, a literature study on the subject and a field research in the health sector were included. In the application part of the study, the data were analyzed with structural equation model by using SPSS AMOS package program and the effect of corporate reputation management practices on the brand value was higher in private hospitals compared to public hospitals in terms of doctors and managers working in hospitals.

Cite this article as: H. Nisa Tekin, Md. Shahin Howlader, Md Nazmul Huda , Md Asaduzzaman, M. Esat Erkek;  The Study on Measuring Effects of Corporate Management on Brand Value For Employees in Health Care Sector in Turkey;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 117-151; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3588817

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 253    Total Downloaded: 106

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Raymond Achengkwoa Kaburi, Feifei Tao, Agboifo Edmond Omenonye, Ruby Hanson, Lan Yan
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 92-106; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3588654
Abstract: This research work sought to improve the perception, attitude and conceptual understanding of students, through the use of hands-on instructional approaches in chemical bonding. The final year general art four (4) Students of John Evans Atta- Mills Senior High School numbering 50 was the sample used for the study. The research instruments used included observation, interview, questionnaires and tests. It was observed that these students believed that, the content of chemical bonding is difficult and boring, also the concept was always taught without practical activities (hands-on activities) hence the wrong perception and low conceptual understanding of students which facilitate no attempt to excel in the subject. The students were engaged in hands-on activities, group work and constant use of teaching and learning materials to develop and sustain their interest in the subject. It was deduced that the lack of activities involving learners affected their conceptual understanding and performance in integrated science. It is hoped that learners will be more engaged in the teaching and learning process through the use of hands-on activities to help change their perceptions, improve the conceptual understanding and also to develop and sustain their interest in the subject matter.

Cite this article as: Raymond Achengkwoa Kaburi, Feifei Tao, Agboifo Edmond Omenonye, Ruby Hanson, Lan Yan;  Effectiveness of Integrating Hands-On Activities In The Learning of Chemical Bonding in High-School Setting;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 92-106; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3588654

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 249    Total Downloaded: 47

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Masum Billah
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) :167-181; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3590110
Abstract: The purpose of this article is to explain the most important factors that differentiate the litigating between China and Bangladesh. This research is theoretical in nature as well as descriptive in the case of comparison. The data of this research was collected from secondary sources. The outcome of this research is specified based on theoretical and also practical to apply rules and regulations in court procedure between these countries. The ultimate finding of this research is that the Chinese Litigation System occupies a much more significant proportion of the law than do the corresponding parts of the Bangladesh Administrative Litigation System.

Cite this article as: Masum Billah;  A Comparative Study of Administrative Litigation System of China and Bangladesh;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) :167-181; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3590110

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 196    Total Downloaded: 111

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Mahfuzun Nahar Supty, Al Mamun Md Abdullah, Md. Sajib Miah, Md. Moidul Hasan Sizan, Nishat Tasnim Nowrin, Md. Forhad Ali, Rony Mia
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 107-116; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3588724
Abstract: The four different types of reactive dyes Levafix BR blue EFFN, Remazol BR Blue RSPL, Remazol Yellow RR and Remazol Orange RR were applied for the dyeing of silk fabric. The dyeing condition was same for all dyes for producing 0.5%, 1.5% & 3.0% shades. The dyeing performance of dyes were evaluated by using color fastness to wash, color fastness to rubbing, color fastness to perspiration, color strength & Reflectance%. From the above test results, Remazol Yellow RR was excellent compared to other 3 group of dyes. It also showed better exhaustion & Fixation percentage.

Cite this article as: Mahfuzun Nahar Supty, Al Mamun Md Abdullah, Md. Sajib Miah, Md. Moidul Hasan Sizan, Nishat Tasnim Nowrin, Md. Forhad Ali, Rony Mia;  Evaluate the dyeing performance of silk fabric by using four different reactive dyes;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 107-116; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3588724

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 233    Total Downloaded: 103

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Morris Ayaa Mensah, Sir. Agboifo Edmond Omenonye, Dr. Williams Gabriel Brafu-Insaaidu, Lan Yan
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 1-35; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3564931
Abstract: The emergence of technology in the Ghanaian banking sector has had a huge impact in the development of financial innovative products today. The introduction of these financial innovative products has transformed and continues to revolutionize banking today, and banks in Ghana are no exception to this transformation. This study aims at examining the impact of financial innovations on the financial performance of selected banks in Ghana in terms of their income or revenue generation, efficiency, liquidity, profitability and general patronage of banking services in Ghana. This work is a survey of bank executives from universal banks in Accra and Kumasi. Questionnaires were administered to find out the opinions of bank executives on the impact of financial innovations on financial performance. From the study, it was discovered that financial innovations improve significantly the efficiency, liquidity and profitability of the banks. In addition, its recommended that corporate banks must make it a policy as part of their strategic management process to establish an efficient and effective marketing department to oversee the publicity of all financial innovative products. It is also recommended that the pricing of innovative products should be reasonable in order not to further scare prospective customers or users.

Cite this article as: Morris Ayaa Mensah, Sir. Agboifo Edmond Omenonye, Dr. Williams Gabriel Brafu-Insaaidu, Lan Yan;  Financial Innovations and Financial Performance: Perceptions of Commercial Bank Executives;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 1-35; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3564931

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 223    Total Downloaded: 112

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Hoang Minh Hien, Wei Huai An
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 63-81; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3568488
Abstract: For 17 years of operating of Vietnam Bank for Policy Policies, although the quality of commune transactions with the poor has been improved, there are still some limitations. on infrastructure, training, organizational structure etc. Therefore, this study is designed to assess the existing difficulties and recommend solutions to improve transaction activities. Research results from interviews with people related to operations of VBSP at high and low performing branches by phone or in person or via questionnaire. The research was conducted 60 transaction offices of 20 branches, representing regions throughout the country of Vietnam which gather and analyze data on the status of transaction activity in the commune to clarify the necessity to enhance the quality of commune transactions and directing activities of VBSP in the coming period.

Cite this article as: Hoang Minh Hien, Wei Huai An;  Solutions to Improve the Quality of Transaction Activities at Communes of Vietnam Bank for Social Policies;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 63-81; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3568488

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 181    Total Downloaded: 45

  Volume: 2 Issue: 12
Ramesh Raj Pant, Til Maya Dhakal, Lal B. Thapa, Upendra Baral, Alina Dangol, Tarka B. Chalaune, and Khadka B. Pal
2, Issue 12; December-2019 ;
Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 36-62; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3566682
Abstract: Wetlands are the most productive ecosystems in the world, and are also considered as the kidney of nature. The lentic environments i.e., lake, and ponds are the inland water bodies, not only provides the water but also supports the livelihood, habitat of plants and animals, regulates the hydrological cycle, and aesthetic values including other environmental services. The study on the hydrochemistry of the lentic ecosystems will have immense significance in updating the existing environmental and chemical database and also support to maintain their ecological health. The Betkot Lake, located in the Kanchanpur district, of Sudurpaschim Province, Nepal plays a key role in the ecology of the lowland Terai region and the present study emphasized on the hydrochemical assessment of its water quality. Besides ecological importance, the water body have a significant role in irrigation, fisheries, power generation and domestic water use. Recently, the lake has been witnessing severe deterioration in water quality mainly due to anthropogenic activities. For further assessment we had collected altogether 13 water samples in winter season, 2018, and the parameters of water temperature, pH, EC, TDS, DO, turbidity, free CO2, major cations, and anions including alkalinity, phosphate, ammonia, hardness, BOD and COD were analyzed. The results revealed that the water quality meets the guideline of Nepal’s Drinking Water Quality; however, some parameters like concentrations of DO, BOD, COD and ammonia didn’t meet the Nepal Water Quality Guidelines for Aqua Culture in some of the sampling locations. In addition to the usual interactions of Lake Environment with the fragile local land topography, the lake is subjected to anthropogenic interference due to its proximity to the increasing settlements and mobility of people around the lake. Multivariate statistical methods i.e., Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (CA) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA) were applied to assess the influence of pollutants disposal and their controlling mechanism. Particularly, the PCA results demonstrated that both natural and anthropogenic factors contributing to the contamination in the lake with 87.37 % cumulative variance. On the other hand, the CA results differentiate the sampling locations into four clusters and the pollution index level indicated that the all the sites are slightly polluted. Meanwhile, the quantitative pollution level exhibited in different clustering sites by using Pollution Index that indicated the outlet area was relatively more polluted than inlet sides.

Cite this article as: Ramesh Raj Pant, Til Maya Dhakal, Lal B. Thapa, Upendra Baral, Alina Dangol, Tarka B. Chalaune, and Khadka B. Pal;  Water Quality Assessment of the Betkot Lake, Sudurpaschim Province, Nepal;  Nor. Am. Aca. Res. 2019 : 2(12) : 36-62; https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3566682

Open PDF      Direct Download    View: 209    Total Downloaded: 144


  • 34 Wolf Rd Colonie (near TrustCo Bank), NY 12205, United States
  • Email : editor@twasp.info ; Phone : +1 (518) 458-8561/ +1 (917) 341-1480 (Hours: Mon - Fri, 0900h - 1730h )